Fakhruddin Al-Razi ; Response Towards Anthropomorphist Groups

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  • Topic: Qur'an, Islamic philosophy, Fakhr al-Din al-Razi
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Fakhr al-Din al-Razi is one of the Muslim scholar especially in the field of Kalam. His name is; Abu Abdullah Muhammad b. Umar b. al-Husayn Fakhr al-Din al-Razi born in Rayy Northen Persia , 1149 and died on 1209. In his education background, he studied under his father, then furher studying in theology from Majd al-Din al-Jili and also in jurisprudence under Kamal al-Din al-Simnani.He was the greatest of Asy’arite theology after al-Ghazali and even known as ‘Khatib al-Rayy’ and ‘Shaykh al-Islam’.However,he did not only expert in Theology but also in Jurisprudence, Tafsir, Philosophy, History, Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics.In terms of his works, he has done many works such as al-Tafsir al-Kabir, al-Muhassal, Mabahith Mashriqiyyah. He also studied and mastered the works of al-Farabi and Ibnu Sina, for example, he has commented many works of Ibn Sina like; Uyun al-Hikmah and Sharh al-Isharat.

Regarding in his responses towards the Anthropomorphist groups as said before, there are many Anthropomorphist groups that use the attributes and acts of man to God, but the writer will mention only three main groups which are The Karramites, The Hashwiyya and The Hanbalite.

The follower of the Karramites group was Abu Abdullah Muhammad b. Karram. There are some othes branches of Karramites group such as the A’bidiya, the Tuniya, the Zariniya, the Ishakiya and the Wahidiya.Altough they are from the one group which is the Karramites but they have their own ideas and thought even different at all. In terms of tashbih, this group claims that it is possible for God to move, change His position and descend.In addition, they say that God is firmly seated on the throne and He is in person on the upper side of it.

Second group of the anthropomorphism is the Hashwiyya which is Shi’i theologian. There are two main master on this group which are Hisham b. al-Hakam and Hisham b. Salim al-Jawaliqi. This group claims that God eternally knows himself but the other things, He...
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