Fairness and Effectiveness of the Criminal Justice System

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I
 am
 obliged
 to
 comment
 on
 the
 fairness
 and
 effectiveness
 of
 the
 Criminal
 Justice
  System
  (CJS).
  To
  understand
  this
  statement
  and
  form
  an
  opinion
  I
  will
  analyze
  particular
  arms
  of
  the
  CJS,
  define
  their
  roles
  and
  purpose,
  and
  make
  an
  informed
  considered
 opinion
 about
 the
 fairness
 and
 effectiveness
 of
 the
 system,
 if
 at
 all.
 In
  fashionable
  fairness
  I
  will
  construct
  arguments
  for
  and
  against
  the
  statement
  with
  reference
  to
  its
  strengths
  and
  weaknesses
  and
  draw
  my
  own
  conclusions
  from
 these.
 
 
  To
 say
 that
 the
 CJS
 is
 fair
 and
 effective
 as
 we
 can
 reasonably
 expect
 is
 both
 bold
  and
 brave.
 But
 however
 bold
 or
 brave
 the
 statement
 remains
 inconclusive.
 Only
  close
  analysis
  can
  shed
  light
  on
  the
  underlying
  assumptions
  made
  in
  that
  statement.
 First,
 the
 current
 system
 we
 have
 is
 by
 far
 the
 most
 effective
 for
 our
  society
 even
 when
 compared
 to
 other
 systems
 of
 justice.
 Secondly,
 the
 system
 is
  not
 bullet
 proof
 and
 is
 susceptible
 to
 public
 scrutiny
 and
 criticism.
 And
 thirdly,
  the
  statement
  seems
  to
  suggest
  that
  we
  the
  people
  are
  settling
  for
  what
  is
  reasonably
  expected
  of
  the
  system,
  rather
  than
  looking
  for
  clear
  definitive
  outcomes.
 
 
  According
 to
 Wikipedia
 (a
 popular
 resource
 site
 apparently
 not
 reliable
 because
  of
 having
 multiple
 authors)
 The
 CJS
 is
 the
 system
 of
 practices
 and
 institutions
 of
  governments
  directed
  at
  upholding
  social
  control,
  deterring
  and
  mitigating
  crime,
  and
  sanctioning
  those
  who
  violate
  laws
  with
  criminal
  penalties
  and
  rehabilitation
  efforts
  (Wikipedia,
  2010).
  The
  Britannica
  Macropaedia
  (a
  much
  more
  reliable
  source
  of
  reference)
  defines
  “criminal
  law,
  in
  the
  broad
  sense,
  is
  the
  body
  of
  law
  that
  defines
  criminal
  offenses,
  regulates
  the
  apprehension,
 


 

2
 

charging,
  and
  trial
  of
  suspected
  persons,
  and
  fixes
  penalties
  and
  modes
  of
  treatment
  applicable
  to
  convicted
  offenders
  (Britannica,
  2009).
  Despite
  they’re
  similar
  but
  subtle
  differences
  both
  these
  definitions
  (reliable
  or
  not)
  have
  a
  common
 purpose
 i.e.
 they
 focus
 on
 the
 accused
 or
 the
 offender
 by
 imposing
 on
  them
  the
  laws
  of
  justice.
  Three
  main
  components
  makeup
  the
  criminal
  justice
  system:
  policing,
  courts
  and
  corrections.
  Each
  component
  is
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