Facts Rwanda Genocide

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How it started
* Two main ethnic groups the majority Hutus and the minority Tutsis had a centuries long history of reasonably harmonious coexistence before 1959. (Baughan 79) * The Hutus fought hard to end the system of Tutsi dominance that the Belgians colonial rule had supported. (Baughan 79).

* Rwanda Gained independence from Belgium in 1962 (Baughan 79).

* In July 1992 the war parties met in Tanzania to negotiate an end to the conflict and have the Hutus and the Tutsis share power over the government. (Baughan 80)

Hutu control

* The Hutu used violence against the Tutsi minority to maintain control during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. (Habeeb 53, 54)

* Thousands of Tutsis were killed and approximately 150,000 fled the country because of this fighting (Baughan 79). * After a decade of oppression and periodic massacres approximately 600,000 Tutsis had left Rwanda. RPF

* A rebel group formed by the Tutsis, this group was able to gain control of a significant part of northern Rwanda.
What happened?
* On April 6, 1994 the plane carrying Rwandan President Juvenal Habyariman and Burundian president Cyprien Ntaryamira was shot down as it approached the airport at Kigali the capital of Rwanda (Baughan 80). * Although it was never determined who shot the plane down, the Tutsis were immediately blamed. (Baughan 80,81). * Within a half hour before the public heard of habyarimanas death soldiers and Inerahmwe militiamen were searching for and murdering journalists human rights advocates and prominent Hutu moderates. (Obadina 87) * It was not just the Tutsi that were being killed during this Genocide. Experts believe that Hutu extremists planned Habyarimanas assassination and the genocide all along (Obadina 96-97) * Rwandan soldiers killed 10 Belgian peacekeepers assigned to protect Agathe Uwilingiyimana who was also killed by Hutu moderates (Obadina 97) * Interahamwe set up blockades in streets to check...
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