3 May 2012
To Meat, Or Not To Meat – That Is The Question
Eating, raising and domesticating livestock for survival has been taking place since the very beginning of human existence. Since history began, nomadic settlers began grazing sheep, goats and other native species in order to live off of their resources. Currently in the twenty first century, the idea of using animals for the benefit of living has been taken to another level; this is called factory farming. Factory farming began in the 1920s soon after vitamins A and D were discovered; when these vitamins are added to feed, animals no longer required exercise and sunlight for growth. This allowed large numbers of animals to be raised indoors year-round. Farmers found they could increase productivity and reduce the operating costs by using mechanization and assembly-line techniques (Katz 1). Since the 1920s, the evolution of factory farming hasn’t become any better, but in fact gotten worse and worse in many aspects. Inhumane treatment of the animals has increased to its highest peak and change must occur immediately. It is because of this that factory farming must be stopped due to its unnecessary natures and practices. One reason as to why factory farming should be terminated is because it is morally and ethically unjust. The welfare of animals has been completely disregarded in this so-called “business”. Every year, hundreds of thousands of animals that are raised for food experience terrible living conditions because the majority of meat, dairy, and poultry production in the U.S. take place in industrialized or factory farms (Food & Water Watch 4). Cows and calves and chickens and pigs and numerous other animals have been forced to live in unsanitary and cruel conditions. For example, these animals are kept in small cages, sheds or on disease-infested feedlots where they often have little to no space to turn around or even lie down comfortably. Many are deprives of exercise so that all their bodies' energy goes toward producing flesh, eggs, or milk for human consumption. Also, they are susceptible to be given drugs, antibiotics, or growth hormones which increase their growth rate or production rate in which case causes an over capacity of body mass leading them to be so weighed down that they cannot move, or they die on the amount of substances their bodies have been abused with. If they survive this horrible process and have grown large enough for the consumer’s demands and expectations, they are then raised for food and are crowded onto trucks to be transported over many miles through all weather extremes, typically without food or water, to the slaughterhouse. Those who manage to survive this horrible nightmare of an obstacle; they are then brought to their unwilling deaths. Many tactics include: their throats get slit, often while they are still conscious, they are plunged into the scalding-hot water of the de-feathering or hair-removal tanks while still conscience or while their bodies are being skinned or hacked apart. Actions like these should not be tolerated anywhere, especially in the United States. It is absolutely disgusting to know that the human race in this day and age is acting in such a primitive behavior. We are not cavemen - we have the knowledge and the resources to go about eating meat another way where it does not involve pain and suffering to our beloved animals. Another reason why factory farming should be eliminated is because it hurts and damages the environment. These factories are causing serious amounts of atmospherically and ecologically based pollution. For example, factory farms concentrate an unnatural number of animals in one place, which creates an unmanageable amount of waste. For example, a single hog excretes up to 17.5 pounds of manure and urine each day. If you put 1,000 hogs together, that’s six million pounds of waste each year. On a factory farm containing 35,000 hogs, over...