Factors to Be Considered in Establishment of Pharmaceutical Industry

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Fasika.M.Alemu

000649065

UNIVERSITY OF GREENWICH COURSEWORK COVERSHEET
Student Name: Student ID number: Course Code: Title of Course: Title of Assessment: FASIKA MEKETE ALEMU 000649065 RESE-1062 Business research methods Educational industry report Industry report √ Type of Assessment Reflective Report Group work report Other Tutor’s Name: Date Assessment Due: Dr.Taye Regassa August 15/2011

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Table of content
Introduction……………………………………………………………………..3 Overview of education in Ethiopia……………………………………………...3 Methods used to prepare this report………………………………………….….6 The education policy and structure……………………………………………...7 Statistics of education industry…………………………………………………..7 Information communication technology in education industry…………………10 Regulatory and quality activities…………………………………………………11 Finance and expenditure………………………………………………………….11 Challenges and problems…………………………………………………………12 Reference …………………………………………………………………………13

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Introduction
Ethiopia is an ancient African country which maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of the 1936-41 Italian occupation. The monarchy that ruled the country was deposed by a military junta in 1974 which established a socialist state. This regime was toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces led by Meles Zenawi, presently the country’s Prime Minister. A constitution was adopted in 1994 and a Federal Democratic Republic was formed. The country is divided into 9 ethnically-based regional states and two self-governing city administrations (CIA, 2011).

With an estimated population of about 90 million, the country is second in terms of population in sub-Saharan Africa. 46.28% of the population is under 14 years of age, while 51.04%are within the age range of 15-64 years (Ibid).

Ethiopia is predominantly an agrarian country and agriculture accounts for 40 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP), employs about 80 percent of the population and provides for about 90 percent of the exports(Alem,2000) The country is one of the least developed in the world and poverty is widespread and multifaceted. Food insecurity is systemic and thus persistent (Austrian development cooporation, 2003). Overview of education in Ethiopia Human resources development constitutes the foundation upon which material development can occur, and education represents a major form of human resources development. Besides, it is widely believed that the expansion of educational opportunities is a keystone to the nation’s accelerated socio-economic development. Education provides a fundamental base

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for all further human development and its availability and quality are central to the human resource development of any society. The aim of extending a basic level of education to all children, young people and adults around the world has captured the imagination of all nations (UNESCO, 2004). Modern education was introduced to Ethiopia nearly a century ago. However, the education and training offered during these long years had limited positive impact on the lives of the people and national development. The education offered has not enabled to solve the problems of farmers, pastoralist, and change the lives of the over whelming majority of the people (Ibid). During both the initial phase and it’s the more planned and coordinated expansion of modern education after 1941, the primary objective of education in our country had been to produce trained manpower that could run the emergent government bureaucracy. Particularly after 1941, the government’s main concern was to replace expatriates that worked at various levels in public offices by Ethiopian nationals. Hence, the narrow and limited scale of formal education that existed, beyond incubating bureaucratic clerks, had hardly any substantial merit. After a certain grade level, the ambition of the student population was largely to...
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