Factors Responsible for an Increasing Trend in Anger and Aggression Among Youth

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Factors responsible for an increasing trend in Anger and Aggression among youth

Chapter 1

Anger is a normal human emotion. Everyone feels annoyed, frustrated, irritated, or even very angry from time to time. Anger can be expressed by shouting, yelling, or swearing, but in extreme cases it can escalate into physical aggression towards objects (e.g. smashing things) or people (self or others). In a controlled manner, some anger can be helpful, motivating us to make positive changes or take constructive action about something we feel is important. But when anger is very intense, or very frequent, then it can be harmful. Anger may be said to be caused from almost the same factors that are responsible for other emotional reactions like fear and anxiety. In a situation where anger is aroused, the sympathetic nervous system is activated and this leads to the heart beating faster, higher pressure of blood flowing in the body and a sudden rush of adrenaline. Adrenaline is responsible for the dull red flush that people get on their faces when they are angry. This is caused by the epinephrine that results in an increased flow of blood to the blood vessels in the face. This is also the reason why anger is often associated with the color red. Types of anger

a)Basic types of anger:
Anger can basically be of two types – primary and secondary. Primary anger is when there is a situation that arouses negative feelings, and the person reacts to it with anger, pure and simple. Here, anger is a simple and direct response. Secondary anger on the other hand is when a situation causes feelings of helplessness or fear and we react with anger. The primary emotion here is anxiety or helplessness, however we choose to get angry simply because it’s easier for us to get angry rather than face the fact that we are hurt or feeling out of control, anxious or helpless. Here, anger is a secondary emotion because it is not the direct result of a situation or stimulus. b)Further classification of anger types:

Behavioral Anger: Behavioral anger describes a type of anger, which consists of an aggressive action often physical, against someone or something, which triggered the anger. The outcome of the anger is almost always a physical abuse or assault. Addictive Anger: Some people want or need the strong feelings that come with anger. They like the intensity which provides them emotional excitement. It isn't fun, but it's powerful. They feel alive and full of energy. Passive Anger: People, who use sarcasm or mockery as a way to hide their feelings, typically express this form of anger. They tend to avoid confrontations with people or situations. In some cases the individual may even be unaware themselves that they are expressing a repressed form of anger. This can make it one of the most difficult types of anger to control or even identify. Verbal Anger: Anger that’s expressed mostly through words and not actions. Verbal abuse is used to criticize and insult people (put them down) and complain. Constructive Anger: This type of anger is a key factor in driving people to want to join movements and groups. It’s the feeling of being fed up with how things are going, and the need to make a positive change. Although most people tend to associate anger with destructive consequences it can also be used constructively. Self-inflicted Anger: Anger that translates in causing harm to one’s own body. People who use this type of anger are acting out by punishing themselves for something they’ve done wrong. Some examples include starvation, cutting, and overeating. Volatile Anger: Unpredictable... is the word that can be used to define volatile anger. It comes and goes. It can just appear out of nowhere, or build into something bigger. It can either explode or go unnoticed. It could even be expressed verbally or physically. Judgmental Anger: Judgmental anger is closely related to verbal anger, which is another type of anger. This type of...
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