Factors of Job Satisfaction

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Unit 2- What Factors Are Most Important to Your Job Satisfaction?

Kaplan University
School of Business and Management
MT302 Organizational Behavior
Author: Kedner Poux
Professor: Sapham Perez
Date: October 27, 2012

Everyone has their own way to express their satisfaction about their employee, however, job Satisfaction, according to Williams J., is defined as "the extent to which people like (satisfaction) or dislike (dissatisfaction) their jobs" (Spector, 1997, p. 2). This definition suggests job satisfaction is a general or global affective reaction that individuals hold about their job. However, according to Stephen P. Robbins and Timothy A Judge, job satisfaction is defined as a positive feeling about ones job resulting from an evaluation of its characteristics. There are so many factors that can explain how much people feel about their job and why they are changing jobs over and over. Between all of those factors the ones that I chose are the following starting from the highest level to the lowest one: job security, opportunities to use skills and abilities, safety in the work environment, career advancement opportunities and Benefits. How those factors become very important for my job satisfaction? Job security is the primary factor that people are looking for when applying for jobs. Everyone wants to be secured about their jobs; they want to make sure this is a job that they can count on even if the company does not pay too much but they job is safe they don’t have to worry about losing it at any time or their job is moving anywhere, they just to have a job that is stable. However, the Global Workforce Study of 20,000 employees, by professional services company Towers Watson, found that, when asked to rate what is most important for them in their jobs, 81% of employees said stability and security was the most crucial aspect (Personnel Today, Tuesday 16th March, 2010). But only 43% believed their current organisation was able to offer a secure and stable position. It is a desire for everyone to have a job stable and secure so they don’t have to work too many jobs at once during their working life. According to the survey 72%of respondents want to work for only one to three organizations throughout their careers and about 35% of them are looking to work for only one company.

Nick Tatchell, a senior consultant at Towers Watson, told Personnel Today: "The recession has reminded people of some of the fundamentals of what they desire from work, and that is security and stability. One other option that I considered as a second most important factor of job satisfaction is “Opportunities to use skills and abilities”. According to Wikipedia, employability refers to person’s capability for gaining and maintaining employment (Hillage and Pollard, 1998). For individuals, employability depends on the knowledge, skills and abilities (KSAs) they possess, the way they present those assets to employers, and the context (e.g. personal circumstances and labor market environment) within which they seek work (Hind and Moss, 2011). As such employability is affected by both supply-side and demand-side factors which are often outside of an individual's control. However, lot of people when looking for job, for example graduate or vocational students or professional, they are looking for companies that willing to hire them and give them the opportunity to use their skills and their knowledge’s which can also allow to this employee to make their career with this organization or to get as much as knowledge they can in order to get a better job in the future. According to SHRM (Society for human resource management) 2012 Employee Job Satisfaction and Engagement “Sixty-three (63%) percent of employees rated opportunities to use their skills and abilities at work as the most important contributor to their job satisfaction, displacing job security for the number one spot”. Employees are very satisfied with their employers when they...
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