Casual Factors for Mental Disorders
Mental illness is a disorder that is characterized by disturbances in a person’s thoughts, emotions, or behavior. This illness exist in the form of many disorders. These disorders range from those that cause moderate distress to those that clouds a person’s ability to cope with life on a daily basis. Society has pondered with the question of what causes an individual’s mental disorders. The exact cause of most mental illnesses is not known but research has indicated that these conditions are caused by a combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors. Biological Factors
Abnormal balance of special chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters have been linked to some mental illnesses. Neurotransmitters serve as communication links for nerve cells in the brain. When this chemicals are out of balance or not working properly, brain messages may not travel correctly thus leading to symptoms of mental illness. Defects or injury to certain areas of the brain has been linked to mental disorders. Genetics (heredity), infections, and prenatal damage are also listed as biological causes of mental distress (illness). It has been noted that mental illness can be associated to a family’s background when several members exhibit symptoms of mental illness. This susceptibility is said to be passed through a vast number of genes shared by the family. It must also be noted that all family members may share these genes but all may not exhibit this behavior due to the individual’s ability to cope with other factors such as stress, abuse, or a traumatic event that are known to influence or trigger mental illness. Infections that cause brain damage are noted to cause mental illness or enhance it symptoms. A true example of this is pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder (PANDA) associated with the streptococcus bacteria has been linked to the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children....
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