THE UNIVERSITY OF DODOMA
COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE AND HUMANITIES
SCHOOL IAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE
DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATION SKILLS
COURSE CODE:LG 100
COURSE NAME:COMMUNICAION SKILLS
SEMINAL LEADER:MRS MAGHASHI
QUESTION NO 4:Explain why message encounter barriers at different point in the Communication process.
Communication has been defined by different perspectives and among them is Bovee and John J. (2000) defines communication as the process of sending and receiving messages.
Also Communication is defined as “The activity or process of expressing ideas and feelings or giving people information (Oxford advanced Learners Dictionary)
Generally communication involves the process of encoding and decoding message with reasonable understanding between senders and receivers in the communication process.
Communication process is effective only when each step is successful, which means that from the sender to the receiver, Communication becomes successful where there is no obstacle which may hinder the message to reach to the receiver as it was intended by the sender. A message can be in form of Verbal or Non Verbal.
A message can encounter barrier at different points in communication process due to the following factors
Starting with a sender, a sender is the indictor of the message whole process of communication. A sender can encounter barrier in communication due to the following reasons
Language problem, the use of vocabularies (difficult words) by the sender it may hinder a message to be received clearly to the audience because they may not be aware with the particular word.
Personal style, The way sender appear in front of the mass may hinder communication process for example wearing style is required according to the environment for example a lecturer to wear too short skirt in front of the mass (receiver) while he/she presenting a certain thing may confuse the audience though the way he/she appear hence hinder the effective message to the audience.
Receiver, this refers to the one who receive a message, or one who message is intended to. A message encounter barrier to a receiver due to the following reasons
Psychological problems, this occurs when you speak with someone who is ill or hungry or mentally being affected by a certain problem, hence becomes difficult for him to receive a message.
Perception problems. When two people have experienced the same event, their mental images of that event will not be identical, because your perceptions are unequal, the ideas you want to express it is better to perceive (selective perception)
Poor listening, this comes when either a receiver is too tired or concentrated with other matters or a message transformed has a little meaning for the listeners/receiver.
Channel, refers to a model in which message tends to pass through, it can be Magazine, Media, Television or radio, so a message can encounter barrier in a channel due to the following reasons
Technical problem, the speaker or a sender sometimes may have a good ideal/feeling but due to the technical problems either it may occur in microphone or antenna, hence a barrier of a message to reach the targeted person.
Network problem, this may occur especially to the areas which are far from the centre of the network station for example a sender through the use of a...
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