Factors Determining Flat Glass Manufacturing Locations.

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FACTORS DETERMINING FLAT GLASS MANUFACTURING LOCATIONS.

A dissertation submitted to St. Xavier’s College (Autonomous) for the degree of Bachelor of Commerce.

2010

Name: Urvashi Suraiya
Semester: VI
Room Number: 32
Roll Number: 1006

CONTENTS

Declaration4
Acknowledgements5
Abstract6
PART ONE
1.Introduction7
2.Methodology9
3.Literature Survey10

PART TWO
4.Flat Glass Manufacturing:
a.The history of glass11
b.The production process and its dynamics12
5.Factors affecting Flat Glass Manufacturing Locations
a.Availability of raw material16
b.Demand19
c.Costs27
d.Competition31

PART THREE
6.Case Studies of Leading Flat Glass Manufacturers
a.Pilkington34
b.Asahi Glass Company38
c.Saint-Gobain Glass44
7.The Flat Glass Industry In Malaysia48

PART FOUR
8.Viability of manufacturing facilities.51

9.Conclusion54
10.Limitations55

Appendices56
Bibliography60

DECLARATION

I declare the following:
The material contained in this term paper is the end result of my own work and that due acknowledgement has been given in the bibliography and reference to all sources be they printed / electronic / personal.

The Word count of this paper is 12184 words.

That unless this term paper has been confirmed as confidential, I agree to an electronic copy, or section of the dissertation, to be placed on e-learning portal, if deemed appropriate, to allow future students, to see examples of past dissertation. I understand that if displayed on the e-learning portal, it would be available no longer, then five years and that student would be able to print off copies or download. The authorship would remain anonymous.

I agree to my term paper being submitted to a plagiarism detection service, where it will be stored in database and compare against work submitted from this on any school or from other institution using this service.

In the event of the service detecting a high degree of similarity between content within the survey, this will be reported that to my supervisor and second maker, who will decide to undertake further investigation that may led to discipline action, should instances of plagiarism be detected.

I declare that ethical issues have been considered, evaluated and appropriately addressed in this research.

Urvashi Suraiya.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I would like to thank our college Professor, Mrs. Chandrima Banerjee whose continual guidance and support, made this dissertation possible. I am also grateful to Professor Soma Nath, Professor Antara Dutta Sen and Professor Shanta Ghoshal for their unconditional help.

I would like to thank the organization Khimjee Hunsraj for giving me an opportunity to work as an intern for a period of four weeks. The experience was an enriching one. It gave me a basic understanding of flat glass as a product and the functioning of the industry. It also gave me an opportunity to interview the employees and better understand the manufacturing process and the factors affecting manufacturing locations.

ABSTRACT

The story of modern glass has been one of technical evolution from the glass beads found in Egypt and Eastern Mesopotamia back in 3500 B.C. to the worldwide production of flat glass and its processes which are still being continuously researched, improved and automated.

This study analyses the various factors which decide the locations where flat glass factories are constructed and operated. The factors analyzed include firstly, the incentives to start manufacturing in a particular location (such as market size, land cost, customer closeness etc.). Secondly the practical constraints faced by a business when deciding where...
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