Factors Affecting E-Learning Effectiveness in a Higher Learning Institution in Malaysia

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s): 116
  • Published: October 17, 2012
Read full document
Text Preview
Jurnal Pendidikan Malaysia 35(2)(2010): 51-60

Factors Affecting E-Learning Effectiveness in a Higher Learning Institution in Malaysia (Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kebekesanan e-Pembelajaran di Institusi Pengajian Tinggi di Malaysia) MD. AMINUL ISLAM, CHUTHAMAS CHITTITHAWORN, AHMAD ZULHUSNY ROZALI & HEE LIANG

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research was to investigate factors that influence the effectiveness of the e-learning system in a higher learning institution. The participants were students randomly selected from diploma and degree programs. The main instrument was a questionnaire that was distributed to the students. The researchers collected 205 completed questionnaires out of a total of 300. Four factors were chosen as independent variables namely: reaction and satisfaction, learning outcome and achievement, familiarity with online learning technology, and participation and interaction. It was found that the effectiveness of the e-learning system was significantly affected by reaction and satisfaction, learning outcome and achievement, and familiarity with online learning technology. The participation and interaction factor had no apparent effect on the effectiveness of the e-learning system. Therefore, it is recommended that higher learning institutions interested in introducing e-learning should focus on students’ reaction and satisfaction towards the system. E-learning should focus on learning outcomes and achievement. It is also recommended that institutions first look into the issue of familiarity with online learning technology among students before introducing the e-learning system so as to determine whether students are comfortable with the online learning tools. Keywords: e-learning effectiveness, higher learning institution, online learning technology, learning outcome ABSTRAK

Kajian ini dijalankan untuk melihat faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keberkesanan penggunaan sistem e-pembelajaran di pusat pengajian tinggi. Pelajar-pelajar dipilih secara rambang daripada kalangan mereka yang mengambil kursus diploma dan ijazah untuk melihat dan menilai keberkesanan penggunaan system e-pembelajaran dalam proses pembelajaran mereka. Data adalah dalam bentuk soalan soal selidik yang diedarkan kepada pelajar-pelajar yang terlibat. Daripada 300 set soalan soal selidik yang diedarkan hanya 205 set soalan sahaja yang diterima dan dijawab oleh pelajar. Empat faktor dipilih sebagai pemboleh ubah/variabel terhadap kajian ini iaitu tindak balas dan kepuasan, hasil pembelajaran dan pencapaian, kebiasaan dengan teknologi pembelajaran dalam talian serta penyertaan dan penglibatan. Didapati bahawa keberkesanan e-pembelajaran sangat memberi kesan terhadap tindak balas dan kepuasan, hasil pembelajaran dan pencapaian dan kebiasaan pelajar dengan teknologi pembelajaran dalam talian. Variabel penyertaan dan penglibatan tidak memberi kesan yang ketara terhadap sistem e-pembelajaran kepada pelajar. Oleh itu, adalah dicadangkan agar pusat pengajian tinggi yang berminat untuk memperkenalkan sistem epembelajaran ini menumpukan kepada aspek tindak balas dan kepuasan pelajar. E-pembelajaran perlu memberi tumpuan terhadap hasil-hasil pembelajaran dan pencapaian pelajar. Juga dicadangkan agar setiap institusi tersebut mengkaji isu-isu yang menjadi kebiasaan kepada pelajar dalam menggunakan teknologi e-pembelajaran sebelum memperkenalkan e-pembelajaran bagi menilai sama ada pelajar selesa dengan sistem e-pembelajaran. Kata kunci: Keberkesanan e-pembelajaran, institusi pengajian tinggi, teknologi pembelajaran atas talian, hasil pembelajaran I NTRODUCTION E-learning is a common practice today and one can easily find advertisements on the web on earning a degree online. This is possible in today’s Information and Communication Technology ( ICT ) era because almost everyone is connected through a cyber world. In this cyber world context, everyone is closely connected to one another via computers. Today, e-learning is easily adopted by...
tracking img