A Research Paper
Presented to the Faculty of
St. Therese-MTC Colleges
Magdalo, La Paz, Iloilo City
In Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements for the degree
Bachelor of Science in Marine Engineering
Calawigan, Jomel S.
Florentino, Arsenio Jr. A.
Guarana, Noel Jr. S.
Jamore, Rojann D.
Norico, Noriel G.
Sualibios, Ronald A.
Background of the Study
Manila, Philippines has been known to be the home to millions of seafarers currently sailing around the world (www.crossworldmarine.com/news). Due to rapid development of the neighboring seas in terms of maritime, Filipinos take advantage of the Philippine location on Pacific seas.
Some 1.3 million overseas Filipino workers are seafarers, and our history is basically determined by maritime events. We are aware that due to economic crisis happening in the Philippines, Filipinos tend to work abroad than to seek job here in the Philippines. (Antonio Araneta, Asian Institute of Maritime Studies’ lead researcher)
Poverty is one of the main reasons why many Filipinos suffer the homesickness for their families in working abroad than to see their families suffer of starvation. Maritime jobs, somehow, offers a higher rates in salaries. Hence, Philippines’ location opens the door of trading industries that leads to opportunities for Filipinos to help their families and the Philippine economic status. (miezmishael 2013, blogger/wattpad.com)
Maritime graduates tend to work on international ships due to some factors and it is very important to know the reasons behind, because, Philippines suffer brain drain or human capital flight associated with di-skilling of emigrants in their country of destination, while their country of emigration experiences the draining of skilled individuals. The reasons usually include two aspects which respectively come from countries and individuals. In terms of countries, the reasons may be social environment; lack of opportunities, political instability, economic depression, health risk and many more. Brain drain is usually regarded as an economic cost. (Merriam-Webster dictionary, 2010) Philippines, therefore, have small shipping companies. The NYK (Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha) is one of the biggest cargo companies operating internationally which is from Japan.
The researchers were motivated to conduct a study that will identify the factors affecting maritime graduates to work on international ships and determine the most important factor.
Statement of the Problem
This study focuses on the factors affecting maritime students to work on international ships. To be more specific, the purpose of this study is to answer the following questions: 1. What are the factors affecting maritime graduates to work on international ships instead of the local Philippine shipping companies? (According to school, age, experience and gender) 2. What is the most important factor that causes maritime graduates to work on international ships?
1. Identify the factors affecting maritime graduates to work on international ships instead of the local shipping companies according to school, age, experience and gender. 2. Determine the most important factor that causes maritime graduates to work on international ships.
Based on the statements mentioned above, the null hypothesis is advanced.
The researchers formulated some guessed hypothesis based on the reasons of OFW’s in going abroad and the economic progress of the Philippine Republic.
The factors affecting maritime graduates to work on international ships can be the following: * Philippines have low currency rate compared to other modernize countries due to economic crisis. * International shipping companies offers higher salary rate than local shipping companies. * Philippines have smaller shipping lines than first world...