Factors Affecting Community Policing

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CHAPTER ONE:INTRODUCTION
1.1BACKGROUND
Community policing is a policing strategy and philosophy based on the notion that community interaction and support can help control crime and reduce fear, with community members helping to identify suspects, detain offenders, bring problems to the attention of police, or otherwise target the social problems which give rise to a crime problem in the first place. Community policing is a philosophy that promotes organizational strategies that support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques, which proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime The movement toward community policing has gained momentum in recent years as police and community leaders search for more effective ways to promote public safety and to enhance the quality of life in their neighborhoods.Community policing is, in essence, collaboration between the police and the community that identifies and solves community problems. With the police no longer the sole guardians of law and order, all members of the community become active allies in the effort to enhance the safety and quality of neighborhoods. Community policing has far-reaching implications. The expanded outlook on crime control and prevention, the new emphasis on making community members active participants in the process of problem solving, and the patrol officers’ pivotal role in community policing require profound changes within the police organization. The neighborhood patrol officers, backed by the police organization, helps community members mobilize support and resources to solve problems and enhance their quality of life. Community members voice their concerns, contribute advice, and take action to address these concerns. Creating a constructive partnership will require the energy, creativity, understanding, and patience of all involved. Reinvigorating communities is essential if we are to deter crime and create more vital neighborhoods. In some communities, it will take time to breakdown barriers of apathy and mistrust so that meaningful partnerships can be forged. Trust is the value that underlies and links the components of community partnership and problem solving. A foundation of trust will allow police to form close relationships with the community that will produce solid achievements. Without trust between police and citizens, effective policing is impossible.

1.2 Statement of the problem
Since 1992, conflict has been escalating in Mau Narok, Njoro and Mauche Divisions of Nakuru District between the between the farming and pastoral. The most affected are people living in Likia sub-location, of Mauche Division, where over 1,500 families have been displaced or affected in all these years. The area has been insecure for some time despite the effort of the government to deploy security force. The government of Kenya introduced community policing all over the country. Despite the introduction of the programme, Likia area is still struggling with insecurity which prompted this study.

1.3Objectives of the Study
The main objective of the study will be to investigate the factors affecting community policing in Likia Area, The specific objective of the study will be
i.To establish the effectiveness of the security force in the area ii.To establish political stability of Likia area which affects community policing? iii.To establish the perception of the locals towards the security force i.e. the police. iv.To establish effect of community policing in Likia area. v.To investigate factors affecting effectiveness of community policing in the area.

1.4 Research Questions
The following will be the research questions of the study;
i.How effective is the security force in the area?
ii.What the political situation in Likia area?
iii.What the perception of the locals towards the security force in Likia? iv.What are the...
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