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“Exhaust Analysis of Four Stroke Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Using Copper Based Catalytic Converter”

By

Amin Chiragkumar Mahendrabhai

Guided by:

Dr. Pravin P. RathodPh.D.Associate ProfessorMechanical Engineering Department| Prof. Jigish J. GoswamiME (I.C. / Auto)Assistant ProfessorMechanical Engineering Department|

A Thesis Submitted to
Gujarat Technological University
in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for
the Degree of Master of Engineering
in Automobile Engineering

May - 2012

Mechanical Engineering Department
Government Engineering College - Bhuj.
Bhuj – 370 001.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
-------------------------------------------------

It is indeed a pleasure for me to express my sincere gratitude to those who have always helped me for this dissertation work. First of all I am humbly expressing thanks to my respected guides Dr. Pravin P. Rathod & Prof. Jigish J. Goswami for his valuable time and constant help given to me. I would also like to thank to Prof. A. B. Bavarva, Head, Mechanical Engineering department who has always been ready to offer help at any time, in spite of having his busy schedule. Finally, I am thankful to our all the faculty members of Mechanical Engineering Department and all my friends who have directly or indirectly helped me during this dissertation work.

Chirag M. Amin
Enrol. No. 100150735013
M.E. Automobile Engineering
Government Engineering College, Bhuj

TABLE OF CONTENT
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Title pageCertificateDeclarationThesis ApprovalAcknowledgementTable of contentList of figuresList of tablesAbstract| IIIIIIIVVVIIXXXI| CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1Introduction to Pollution Constituents 1.1.1 carbon monoxide1.1.2hydrocarbons1.1.3oxides of nitrogen 1.2Exhaust Emission Control Technique1.2.1exhaust gas recirculation1.2.2positive crankcase ventilation1.2.3catalytic converter 1.3Standard for Pollution In India. 1.4Objective of studyCHAPTER 2. INTRODUCTION TO CATALYTIC CONVERTER 2.1What Is Catalyst? 2.2Early Developments of Catalytic Converter 2.3 How Catalytic Converter Works 2.4Types of Catalytic Converter 2.5Low Emission Catalytic Control Technologies2.5.1close coupled catalyst2.5.2hydrocarbon trap2.5.3electrically heated catalyst2.5.4non-catalytic approaches2.5.5NOx traps for direct injected gasoline enginesCHAPTER 3. LITERATURE REVIEW 3.1Iron-Exchanged X-Zeolite Catalyst for SI EngineEmission Control 3.2Catalytic Converter for Natural Gas Fuelled Engine 3.3Effect of Catalytic Converter on Emission Performance with Bio-Diesel Blends3.3.1effect of catalytic converter on mass emission of carbon monoxide3.3.2effect of catalytic converter on mass emission of NOx 3.4Studies on Exhaust Emissions from Copper Coated Gasohol Run Spark Ignition Engine with Catalytic Converter 3.5Catalytic Automotive Exhaust After-Treatment3.5.1catalytic converters for stoichiometric spark ignition engines 3.5.2 Phenomena Involved in 3 TWCC Operations:3.5.2.1 Heat and mass transfer3.5.2.2 Inlet flow distribution3.5.2.3 Reactions3.5.2.4 Oxygen storage 3.6Scope of WorkCHAPTER 4. COPPER BASED CATALYTIC CONVERTER PREPARATION 4.1Catalyst and Substrate PreparationCHAPTER 5. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP 5.1Experimental Setup 5.2Test procedureCHAPTER 6. RESULT & DISCUSSIONCHAPTER 7. CONCLUSION & FUTURE SCOPE OF WORK 7.1Conclusion 7.2Future Scope of WorkLIST OF PUBLICATIONREFERENCESAPPENDIX – AABBREVIATIONAPPENDIX – BEXPERIMENTAL DATAAPPENDIX – CSAMPLE CALCULATIONAPPENDIX – DUNCERTAINTY ANALYSISAPPENDIX – ECERTIFICATE OF CALIBRATION| 12345569101012131415161617172021252525262729282929303133364042535355566061646569|

LIST OF FIGURES
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Fig. 1.2 Honeycomb structure of catalytic...
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