Extracurricular Activities

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Contents
1. Introduction……………………………………………………………………………….3

2. Literature Review………………………………………………………………………….4

3. Survey Findings………………………………………………………………………….10

4. Analysis of Data…………………………………………………………………………15

5. Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………….17

6. References………………………………………………………………………………..18

Effect of Extracurricular Activities on Academic Performance at NSU Introduction
Music, volunteer work, community service, sports, debating, etc—all of these have an influence on how university students perform academically. The way students choose to spend their free time can affect their academic performance; it is not simply traditional in-class instruction that impacts academic achievement. “A study by the U. S. Department of Education revealed that students who participate in co-curricular activities are three times more likely to have a grade point average of 3.0 or better” than students who do not participate in co-curricular activities (Stephens & Schaben, 2002, para. 4). In addition to co-curricular or extracurricular activities, “analyses revealed that regardless of students’ background and prior achievement, various parenting, volunteering, and home learning activities positively influenced student grades” (Simon, 2001, para. 1). Numerous studies have examined the factors influencing students’ academic achievement, and many activities were found to have a significant influence. According to BUGS (Bringing Up Girls in Science), a program for young girls and their parents at the University of North Texas, “the home environment is among the most important influences on academic performance” (Bringing Up Girls in Science, 2003, para. 2). A correlation appears to exist between the activities that students choose outside of the classroom and their academic performance. One of the main controversies is the effect that television viewing of students has on their academic achievement. “The relationship between cognitive development and television viewing has been the one most widely studied. Investigators disagree about the effects of this relationship” (Shin, 2004, para. 2). The amount and quality of television viewing and family involvement are not the only influences of academic performance. The effects of music and sports are also controversial in their relation to academic performance. University Deans are interested in the relationship between academic achievement and participation in interscholastic sports at university level these days implying that sports do have some sort of influence on how students perform academically. All of these activities appear to have some sort of effect on students’ academic performance; however, the issue of whether they benefit or hinder is unknown. The research would be described as a descriptive study because it observes behaviors “as they occur naturally, describes behavior, explores a phenomenon, and tests hypotheses about behavior” (Brown, Cozby, Kee, & Worden, 1999, p.75). Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine whether or not the club activities that students of North South University (where I study currently) take part in have an effect on their academic performance. I believe that extracurricular activities (club activities) have a positive effect on a student’s academic performance at NSU. | |

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Literature Review
The History of Extracurricular Activities
The development of extracurricular activities was slow in the beginning, with many seeing it simply as a fad that would pass and quickly fade out of style (Millard, 1930, p. 11). One of the early philosophies behind extracurricular activities was that they should, wherever at all possible, “grow out of curricular activities and return to curricular activities to enrich them” (Millard, 1930, p. 12). Eventually people, including educators, began to see the benefits of extracurricular activities, but it took a while to inure themselves to them. In fact, before...
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