Dinosaurs became extincted 65 million years ago, at the end of the
Cretaceous period, something so devastating that it altered the course of life on earth. It
seems like it happened so sudden, as geologic time goes, that almost all the dinosaurs
living on earth disappeared. So how did these dominant creatures just die off? Was it a
slow extinction, or did it happen all of the sudden? These questions bring rise to many
different beliefs on how the dinosaur disappeared over 65 million years ago.
Extinction is when the birth rate fails to keep up with the death rate, it is
called extinction. But, the definition does not answer the question about the nature or
causes of extinction. Paleontologists generally divide extinctions into two types, for that
of different causes arose. The first is called background extinctions, isolated extinctions
of species due to a variety of causes. Included is out competition, depletion of resources
in a habitat, changes in climate, the development or destruction of a mountain range, river
channel migration, the eruption of a volcano, the drying of a lake, or the destruction of a
forest, grassland, or wetland habitat. The second type of extinction is called mass
extinctions. Large numbers of species go extinct; many types of species go extinct; the
effects must be global, and the effects must occur in a geologically short period of time.1
The dinosaur could not have lived for ever. No creatures, no plants, no tiny bacteria are
forever, not even Homo sapiens. Extinction is the fate of all species. One theory on how
the dinosaurs became extinct is that of carbon dioxide, and the greenhouse effect.
Volcanoes produced the proposed conditions. A massive volcanic eruption could have
saturated the atmosphere with carbon dioxide so that it caused a sharp rise in... [continues]
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