Extended Essay Cultural Standpoint

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How do Cormac McCarthy and J.D. Salinger use Cultural Aspects in the Novels Catcher in the Rye and All the Pretty Horses to Influence the Social Development of John Grady Cole and Holden Caulfield?

Erika Retzlaff
Candidate number: 006101-020
Spring 2013
Literature C1
Word Count: 3,640
Pueblo West High School

Table of Contents
I. Abstract………………………………………………………………………………….3 II. Introduction………………………………………………….………….…………….. 4 III. What is Culture and Social Development?………...….……………….…………...…5 IV. The Essence of Time……………………......………………………………………...6 V. Effects of Parental Guidance..…….......…………...…………………………………..9 VI. The Emotional Barrier……………...……………………………………………......10 VII. Evidence of Social Class……………………………………………………………11 VIII. The Present Economy………………………………….……………….……….....12 IX. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………...14 X. Works Cited…………………………………………………………………………..16

I. Abstract:
The essay consists of an in depth analysis of how the authors J.D. Salinger and Cormac McCarthy use cultural aspects throughout the novels The Catcher in the Rye and All the Pretty Horses to enhance the social development of Holden Caulfield and John Grady Cole. The research was undertaken by annotating these two works in depth. The in-depth, critical analysis of the two works lead me to the conclusion that the two authors of The Catcher in the Rye and All the Pretty Horses use the same aspects such as time, economy, and social class when conveying social development of the main characters. The authors use the time period, parental guidance, the present emotional language barrier, the evidence of social classes, and the economy to portray how culture affects a young adult to a great extent.

John Grady Cole is evidently affected by the culture that surrounds him. He shows perseverance and dedication because he has to. He is on his own with no parental guidance at the age of 16 years old. This in itself develops a character that is strong and willing to do what it takes to survive even if that means going to Mexico with his cousin to find work. Holden Caulfield is an analytical character that analyzes the world in its entirety. The characteristic Holden Caulfield is most interested in is being genuine. The distinct findings throughout the research accomplished was that each of these authors have their own way of developing the characters socially, even though the general aspects are the same. The authors use cultural aspects to convey the social development of two sixteen-year-old boys out for an adventure. Holden Caulfield and John Grady Cole develop personalities and characteristics that are directly related to the obstacles they face within society. Word Count: 297

II. Introduction:
Throughout the novels The Catcher in the Rye and All the Pretty Horses, authors, J.D. Salinger and Cormac McCarthy, use cultural aspects to enhance the social development of the two main characters John Grady Cole and Holden Caulfield. The character of Holden Caulfield in the Catcher in the Rye is portrayed as a sixteen-year-old boy who has many of the same values as John Grady Cole in All the Pretty Horses. These traits include loyalty, honor, and being genuine. Holden Caulfield makes many criticisms throughout the novel about characteristics and demonstrating how people are “phony”. These criticisms are purposely put in there not just to express thought and feeling but to be directed at Holden Caulfield himself because McCarthy demonstrates that he is not comfortable with his own identity, which includes his many weaknesses. Cormac McCarthy presents the character of John Grady Cole as a young man of about sixteen years old also. John Grady Cole shows a strong up bringing by valuing such things as: loyalty, integrity, and honor. These character traits are developed through the use of cultural aspects. Specifically, the cultural aspects that influence the social development of these characters include the economy, the development of social...
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