Extended Essay - Comparing Rise of Chinese and Islamic Art

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Art Extended Essay

The Rise in Popularity of Islamic Moroccan Art and Chinese Art

To what extent is the recent rise in popularity of Islamic Moroccan art similar to that of Chinese art?

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November 1st, 2012
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Abstract
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Table of Contents
Introduction………………………………………………………….……………..4-5
Rise in popularity of Islamic Moroccan art…………………………….…………..5-7
Rise in popularity of Chinese art………………………………………….………..7-9 Role of women in the rise of popularity in Islamic and Chinese art……………..10-11 Analysis of Islamic Moroccan artwork…………………………………………...11-13 Analysis of Chinese artwork………………………………………….…………..13-14 Conclusion………………………………….…….….……………….…………..14-15 Works Cited………………………………………….…………….……………..16-18 Appendix………………………………………….………..…………………….….19

Introduction
Since the dawn of evolution, early Homo sapiens have proven to possess the innate ability to produce abstract and symbolic art. This has been evident through the discovery of prehistoric art forms that date back to around 400,000 years ago. Art such as cave paintings, specifically those found in Lascaux or Altamira, or portable statuettes, prominently the Venus figurines, support the advocacy that art is nothing short of a necessity in nature. With the early stages of humanity’s biological transformation into what it is today, art has been present as a means to impart a thought that is far beyond the capacities of merely the spoken language. Along with human fruition, art has gradually evolved into works fundamentally appreciated for their beauty and emotional significance. In Morocco, a rich tradition of arts and crafts has been established and amplified through the many years of immigration from various parts of the world. Between the prehistoric fabrications of the “Venus of Tan-Tan” - an alleged artifact found in the depth of Moroccan soil - and the works of contemporary artists such as Ahmed Cherkaoui or Mahi Binebine, Moroccan art has experienced a significant boom in terms of Western recognition. More recently, the significant political reform in the 1960s stimulated a new direction in modern Moroccan art, one more appropriate to Westernized cultures. Similarly, China has experienced significant artistic change due to development within the country as well as innovative ideas influenced by neighboring communities. From the earliest Stone Age to the Ming Dynasty, Chinese art has revolved around the representation of nature through animals, water, flowers and trees. “By the 1990's, [Chinese contemporary art] was a crouching tiger on the international scene, powerful but held back.” (Cotter) It was not until a few wildly successful auctions had taken place in the 21st century that China had begun to acquire international fame. Both these abundantly cultural societies have experienced a sudden increase in international recognition due to their ability to create a synthesis between modern abstract art and forms derived from their innate traditional heritage. The parallelism between the recent rise in popularity of Moroccan art and that of Chinese art can be assessed in terms of the political, economical and social reforms in both countries within the last five decades. Rise in popularity of Islamic Moroccan art

Morocco’s Berber-Arab heritage, its long lasting ties with France and Spain, and its geographical location in Africa have generated a diverse cultural quality. In the early 20th century, the constitutional monarchy in Morocco suffered instability, which triggered French interest in establishing a protectorate, in which they allowed Spain a portion of Northern Morocco, as well. European occupation of Moroccan territory led to numerous social developments within the nation. For example, a modern educational system was established in the country once Spanish and French colonists had...
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