Expropriation Procedure, Law and Practice

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Addis Ababa University School of post Graduate School of Law

LLM Thesis on: Issues of Expropriation: The Law and the Practice in Oromia By: Girma Kassa Kumsa Advisor: Muradu Abdo (Ass.Professor)
A Master’s Thesis Submitted to School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements of Masters of Law (LL.M)

November, 2011

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Table of Content

Pages

Acknowledgement……………………………………………………………………………………….iv Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………………………..vi Chapter One 1. Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………......1 1.1 Background of the Study…………………………………………………………..……………1 1.2. Statement of the Problem……………………………………………………………………......2 1.3. Research Questions…………………………………………………………………………......3 1.4. Literature Review……………………………………………………………………………......3 1.5. Objectives of the study………………………………………………………………………......7 1.6. Significance of the Study……………………………………………………………………......7 1.7. Methodology of the Study……………………………………………………………………….8 1.8. Limitation of the Study………………………………………………………………………….9 1.9. Structure of the Study…………………………………………………………………………..10 Chapter Two 2. Land Tenure Security and Rights of Land Users in Oromia Regional State……………………......11 2.1 Conceptual Framework for Rural Land Tenure and Tenure Security……………………………...12 2.2. Overview of Land Tenure Policy in Ethiopia………………………………………………….......14 2.2.1 Pre-1974 Period…………………………………………………………………………………..15 2.2.2 The Derg Period ……………………………………………………………………....................16 2.2.3 Land Tenure System since 1991……………………………………………………....................17 2.3 Rural Land Tenure Security and Rights of Land Users in the Oromia Regional state…………….21 2.3.1 Proclamation No.56/2002……………………………………………………………………......21 2.3.2 Proclamation No.70/2003……………………………………………………………………......24 2.3.3 Proclamation No.130/2007……………………………………………………………………....24 2.3.3.1 Access to Land………………………………………………………………………………….25

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2.3.3.2 Rights and obligations of Rural Landholders…………………………………………………..26 a) Land Use Rights……………………………………………………………………………26 b) Obligations of Rural Land Holders……………………………………………...................29 2.3.3.3 Impact of Registration and Land Titling on Tenure security…………………………………..30 2.4 Limitations of Current Rural Land Use and Land Administration Laws…………………………..33 a) Redistribution of Land………………………………………………………………………….33 b) Using Land Use Rights as Collateral………………………………………………...................34 c) Restrictions on Inheritance…………………………………………………………………......34 d) Restrictions on Leasing Land………………………………………………………………......35 e) Rural Land Valuation and Compensation …………………………………………...................35 Chapter Three 3. Expropriation and Compensation: An Overview of Conceptual Framework………………………38 3.1. Expropriation Defined………………………………………………………………………….38 3.2. Public Purpose Requirement for expropriation…………………………………………………43 3.2.1. Definition……………………………………………………………………………………43 3.2.2. Public Purpose as a limitation on the power of Expropriation……………………………..47 3.2.3. Expropraition and Public Purpose under the Ethiopian Laws………………………………48 3.2.3.1. Meaning of Expropriation…………………………………………………………..48 3.2.3.2.Public Purpose ……………………………………………………………………...52 a)Meaning……………………………………………………………………………..52 b)Public Purpose under the Ethiopia‟s Constitutions and Subsidiary Legislations……54 c)Role of Courts in Determining „‟Public Purpose‟‟…………………………………..59 3.3. Compensation ……………………………………………………………………………………….62 3.3.1. Definition…………………………………………………………………………………………62

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3.3.2. Justifications for Compensation……………………………………………………………….65 3.3.3. Theories of Compensation……………………………………………………………………..66 3.3.4.Notion of „‟Just‟‟ or „‟Commensurate‟‟ Compensation………………………………………...72 Chapter Four 4. Issues of Expropriation in Oromia: The Law and the Practice………………………………………76 4.1. An Overview of Applicable Law for Assessment of Compensation……………………………….76 4.2. Expropriation of Landholdings in Eastern Industry Zone………………………………………….78 4.2.1. Power to...
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