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How Garments industry polluting environment
Bangladesh is a leading garment and textile producing country. After 70s decade Bangladesh started its tour of business. That’s a long history and also a glorious history to reach at that position. now-a days Bangladesh is consider as the best three apparel and textile producing country. We mainly export garment products in USA, United Kingdom, Germany and France.
Figure: Textile wastes are exposed in nature in a huge quantity.
The garment sector is contributing about ten million people directly or indirectly. About 76% of total export income comes from this sector. For that reason it is important for our country. The bank, insurance, communication, port, worker, employee all are depending on that sector.
But this sector is creating much chemical waste. Which waste is very harmful for environment? In that assignment I will try to focus about our garment industry. Created wastage by those industries, about waste management, waste awareness, what is happening in waste management in this
Sector and what should be done in this sector for waste management.
Actually, the garment industries are divided into three kinds. They are:
1. Woven garment industry 2. Knitted garment industry 3. Fully fashion garment industry
Those garment industries are based on same aim. But there aim is not same. There work procedure is not same also.
But dying washing, printing those work's are related to all kind of garment industries. Specifically those events of total procedures are creating chemical at a large amount.
Bangladesh Textile Mills
Bangladesh Textile Mills Association (BTMA) is the national trade organization representing Yarn, Fabric Manufacturers and Textile Product Processors mills in Bangladesh under private sector. It began its journey in 1983 with an initial membership of 22 mills with a specified list of objectives, first and foremost being the promotion and protection of the trade, commerce and manufacturers of Bangladesh in general and of the textile related trade in particular.
Currently BTMA has 810 members with 458 weaving mills, 222 spinning mills and 141 dyeing-printing-finishing mills. Over US $ 3.3 billion (2.50 billion euros) has been invested in these mills and about 3.50 million people are currently employed. BTMA fulfills 100 % of the domestic fabric and yarn requirement, 50% of the cotton woven fabric requirement of export oriented garments sub-sector and over 95% of the yarn and fabric requirement of export oriented knitwear sub-sector.
WAST CREATING BY TEXTILES
Violating the environment conservation rule 1997 more than 7000 units of industries for textiles, metals, chemicals, rubber, pharmaceuticals, cement, lather, pulp, paperboards, fertilizer, food processing and petroleum refining in the city area are discharging 1.3 million cubic meter of unrelated industrial affluence in the rivers.
Figure: Textile industries are exposing chemical waste in the water and polluting them
The Institute of Water Modeling (IWM), a governmental established trust has identified four industrial clusters and many other small zones as the major pollutants of Buriganga-Turag Rivers. The Turag River and its multiple tributaries receive the load from the Gazipur cluster. As it reaches
Dhaka city it is joined by the Tongi khal. This carries discharge from the Tongi and Shavar clusters. The influx of Turag-Tongi khal joins the Karnafuli River. The whole system is subsequently called Buriganga. The Buriganga borders, Hazaribag cluster the home to tanning...