Assignment Essay (40%):-
Explore the relationship between diet and behaviour with particular reference to young children
This essay is going to focus on what influences there are on children’s diet and the effect it has on their behaviour and how different food such as sugar and food additives can affect children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder compared to children without it. Diet means the kinds of food that people eat whether it be a healthy or unhealthy diet. A diet is an essential part of anyone’s life but especially children because they are still growing and developing. The relationship between diet and behaviour are very closely related because it is thought that the food we eat effects the way the brain works which controls the way we behave. (Isaacs and Lucas, 2011). An example of this is if a child drinks coke it can make some children hyperactive because of the additives and the caffeine in it has a negative effect on the brain. Whereas if they drink juice or water, which have not got the caffeine in them, will make the children less hyperactive. For children who have behaviour problems, having the right diet will affect their behaviour a lot as it can be controlled or provoked by certain foods they eat. An example of a behaviour problem is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Children with this behaviour disorder simply have too much energy and by giving them food with a lot of salts and additives this may affect some children with this disorder. The National Health Service suggests that some foods which contain food additives such as caffeine are often blamed for the uncontrolled Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder whereas having food with less sugar and caffeine is suggested to keep it under control. (http://www.nhs.uk /Conditions/Attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder/Pages/Treatment.aspx ). Statistics show that approximately 9.5% or 5.4 million children 4-17 years of age have ever been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, as of 2007. Caffeine gives people energy which can be found in drinks such as coffee or coke or any energy drink. If children with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder have a lot of caffeine it can give them more energy than they need and can make them more hyperactive. However some academics say it doesn’t have any effect on their behaviour. According to Kanarek and Kaufman, who did an investigation on children with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder found that when they had two cup of coffee a day and not their medication no behaviour difference were noted. However some people would argue that this is just parents making excuses for their children when they don’t want to show that their children have behaviour problems. Some parents say their children have Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder because they don’t want other parent to think how their children are badly behaved but only a professional can provide the actually diagnosis. A lot of sugar in children’s diet can also affect the relationship with their behaviour and affect children with Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder as well as children without behaviour problems. Sugar can be found in many foods such as chocolate, fizzy drink and sweets. This is link to behaviour because it can cause hyperactivity. Hyperactivity is abnormally active behaviour. This can be behaviour such as restlessness, over excitement, and them being unable to sleep. This can be both children with the disorder or without the disorder however children with the disorder can be affect more. If children are eating a lot of sugar in their diet this can make them really hyperactive and seriously affect their behaviour. On the other hand without sugar in their diet it can affect their cognitive behaviour. This can be because low sugar level can cause lack of concentration because they haven’t go the angry to cope with all information they are being given. Diabetes is an example of how sugar...
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