Exploitation: Prostitution and Sambhu Nath College

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International Journal of Social Science Tomorrow

Vol. 1 No. 1

Changing Face of Women Exploitation in India
Dr. Khokan Kumar Bag, Assistant Professor in Bengali, Sambhu Nath College, Labpur, Birbhum, India Piyal Basu Roy, Assistant Professor in Geography, Alipurduar College, Alipurduar, India

Abstract
It is a fact that women have been the victims of exploitations since long time in different fields in their life both physically and mentally. There are several causes of sexual as well as moral abuse which are very often highlighted by the media, and a lot of those also remain unexplored. Although, such malpractices to women are not of recent origin, its trace is found in the history of ancient India. While identifying its key reasons, it is realized that the long run supremacy of male over female in all r espect in the patriarchal society in India is highly responsible for arresting the empowerment of women. Consequently, they are being trafficked for sex, hackled at workplaces and tortured in family and society. The paper has attempted to find out the face s of women exploitation as an expression of socio-economic disability in Indian perspectives. Keywords: Devdasi, Koulinya Pratha, Women exploitation, Prostitutes, Cheerleaders, Actress, Education for all, Work for all

1.1 Introduction
In the ancient period, there was more dominance of Gods than Goddesses in almost all respect and in the literatures of Hindu religion like Puranas, a few Goddesses are found as powerful like Shakti (one of the Hindu Goddesses, it has different forms like Durga, Kali etc.). In case of society of the material world at that time, same picture of supremacy of male was found. Devdasi (a woman dedicated to the service of an idol in a particular temple) custom, Widow Burning, Polygamy were the initial aspects of women exploitati on. Religion, thus through the making of „Devdasi‟ in temple, exploited women and satisfied the desire of temple authorities (Chande, 1997). Apparently, it seems that women are being empowered so that they can enable themselves to acquire education, adopt culture and represent as they like in society but it is not true at all if sensed with reality. ISSN: 2277-6168

March|2012

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International Journal of Social Science Tomorrow

Vol. 1 No. 1

Unemployment, Poverty, Economic Inequality, Gender discrimination, Lack of Proper Education etc. which are the part and parcel of society, prevail mostly in wo men. In addition, society has been experiencing that money controls everything. Although gender discrimination has been banned by the constitution and women have been guaranteed political equality with men, yet there is a difference between constitutional rights and rights enjoyed in reality by women (Bhuyan and Panigrahy, 2006). Consequently, in order to earn money, a group of people has been using women and women also, in turn, have surprisingly under compulsion and sometimes intentionally surrender themselves to that group of people. Moreover, lack of financial empowerment is responsible for exploitation of women in their daily life.

History reveals that Aryan civilization was male -oriented. The main characters of Vedas (the most sacred literature of Hindu religion) were males like Baruna, Agni, Surya, Rudra, Som ( all are Hindu deities) etc. In the assembly of Gods, goddesses were rarely found at fore front. The dominance of goddesses was found only to a limited extent in subsequent times in different forms of Shakti. Interestingly, it was found that Gods prayed to Shakti to get rid of the cruelty of great demons particularly Mahisasura (the king of all demons) and his disciples and Shakti in the form of Durga saved the heaven from the invasion of Demons. Here, males were found to pray women to protect themselves graciously for the security of their lives. Therefore, this Shakti was the protector like as mother, although she was familiar as wife of Lord Shiva. In reality of...
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