Explaination of Surah Maryam

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Surah Maryam

Surah Maryam is one of the most beautiful Surahs in the Qur’an although all the Surahs are beautiful. The Surah has multiple dimensions and countless lessons to be learned that I feel at a complete loss to summarize a few verses let alone the whole Surah.

This Surah was revealed in Makkah, and typically the essence of the Surah is monotheism, Imaan, the depiction of the Hereafter, reward, punishment and contemplation upon the creation of Allah. The crux of the Surah is the Oneness of Allah; that He is the Perfect Creator of the Heavens and the Earth and He is no need of begetting a child. Neither Isa nor his mother was divine; they were simply servants of Allah.

The Surah highlights various events from the lives of the Prophets of Allah. Mentioned in this Surah are Prophet Adam, Idris, Nuh, Ibrahim, Isaac, Yaqub, Ismael, Musa, Haroon, Zachariah, Yahya, Isa and his mother Maryam (may Allah be pleased with them all). Here is a showcase of great personalities and the best people to have walked on the face of this Earth. There are only five Surahs in the Qur’an named Prophets: Nuh, Hud, Ibrahim, Yusuf, Yunus, and Muhummad.

Allah has honored Maryam by naming this Surah after her, thereby immortalizing her till the end of time. Generations after generations will come to know of her, read about her, re-live her pain, her anxiety and learn about her great status; she was the ‘Lady’ amongst the women, she was chosen from the whole of mankind to be a symbol of purity, chastity, nobleness and elevated to the highest of ranks.

The Surah opens with the letters Kaf Ha Ya Ayn Swaad. Allah chose 29 out 29/114 Surahs of the Qur’an to begin with letters. The total number of the letters is fourteen: ALif, Lam, Mim, Swaad, Ra, Kaf, Ha, Ya, ‘Ayn, Ta, Sin, Ha, Qaf and Nun.

What a way to begin a Surah? Qur’an is using the letters to draw attention, it is challenging the Arabs (the ‘pioneers’ of the Arabic language) to...
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