It is important to help children to protect themselves for several reasons:
• Children’s human rights:
Children have the right to make choices, express feelings and wishes, be protected from harm and be respected and valued. This is detailed in The United Nation's Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC)
“Article 19 - Every child must be protected from all forms of violence, abuse, neglect and mistreatment.” (http://www.crae.org.uk/cms/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=16&Itemid=104) (Accessed 06/01/2008)
• Children are vulnerable to abuse and bullying:
Children of a young age are often unaware or naive of potential danger and therefore vulnerable to abuse or bullying.
• Children are naturally trusting:
Most children are naturally trusting of adults and unfortunately not all adults can be trusted.
Because of these important reasons children need to know how to protect themselves from abuse, bullying and to be aware when they could be in possible danger.
The best way to protect children is to empower them to protect themselves, by doing this they need to feel good about themselves and then will have a high level of confidence, self esteem and be assertive therefore making them less vulnerable to abuse and bullying.
The childcare practitioner has a professional duty and responsibility to protect the welfare of the children in their care. Children should feel that they are able to come to the childcare practitioner for help and protection, but will only be able to do this once a trusting relationship has been built up between them. The childcare practitioner also has a responsibility to involve the parents in helping children to protect themselves, as the message given to the children needs to be consistent.
Abuse and bullying can have long term effects on children and they can suffer severe psychological damage that can have...