Injury and diabetes are both considered to be priority health areas when considering Australia's overall health status. To improve Australia's health status, certain areas of health must be identified as priority areas as they contribute to a large number of deaths and/or illness within the Australian population. When determining the burden of injury and diabetes on Australia and its potential to be reduced, health authorities have to consider a number of factors, these factors include; prevalence of the condition, potential for prevention and early intervention, costs to the individual and to the community, priority population groups and social justice principles.
Social Justice refers to the notion of eliminating inequity in health, providing inclusiveness or diversity and establishing supportive environments for all Australians. The four social justice principles relating to our health are; Participation, Equity, Access and Rights.
Participation refers to the empowerment of individuals and communities to be involved in planning and decision making for good health. To decrease the burden of injury, this could simply mean promoting safe driving or even the promotion of helmets when riding bikes. Both of these things could potentially stop injury associated with car and bike accidents. To decrease diabetes type two, as it is a preventable disease, it could just mean to build walk ways and bike paths to increase physical activity within the community which will in turn decrease the chances of obtaining diabetes type two as being overweight or obese is a severe risk factor. Equity refers to fair allocation of resources and entitlements without discrimination. The perfect example of how this can benefit both injury and diabetes is the equality within hospitals. For the injured, for those who have diabetes, for different races and for both genders, public hospitals provide help for anyone who needs it. They provide health care professionals for those who need medical care. Public hospitals just shows how far equal allocation of resources can go, helping everyone, particularly the injured and sick. Access refers to the availability of health services, information and education. With one not being able to access these significant points, ones health status can decrease substantially. For example, education and information is vital when considering the symptoms and awareness of both types of diabetes. Without knowledge of the symptoms and where to go if symptoms are occurring, the chance of ever curing the disease becomes almost impossible. The same goes for injury, without education and information how might someone with a broken bone know where to access a health care centre? These problems are why the government has made personal development, health and physical education a mandatory subject up until the last stages of secondary schooling as it will increase the education of these priority health areas and give them knowledge about how to access help if needed. Rights refer to the equitable opportunities for all individuals to achieve good health. The way the government sees it, everyone has a right to education. With this in mind, public schools are open to anyone and everyone as education of students is vital in improving Australia's overall health status. With education of diseases and influences of bad health, students are able to pass on information, prevent bad habits from occurring at a young age and know the circumstances and risks of certain health decisions. And with all that they would therefore decrease the burden of the disease/illness. For example, educational promotions such as 'Happy Harold" give children the awareness of car accidents and how they contribute to a large proportion of the injuries in Australia, children will learn to be more careful in vehicles and are then more likely to be responsible as adults on the road, therefore the number of car accidents would decrease. The awareness of...
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