Cultural deprivation can be explained by a whole branch of sources for example Basil Bernstein’s speech code is one; the speech code consists of the elaborated and restricted code. The elaborated code is the middle class’ respected code whereas the restricted code is the working class’ simple non educated way of speech. These linguistic codes were said to be correlated with class differences in family organization, power and control. The elaborated code of the middle class is institutionalized in schools. This results in ‘culturally induced backwardness’ among working-class children, this clearly affects achievement in children and makes a clear divide between middle and working class children. A study was carried out on working class children and it found that at the age of 3 they were already a whole year behind middle class children and by the age of 14, 2 years behind. These statistics are shocking and give clear evidence that cultural deprivation may affect achievement. Also in working class family’s immediate gratification was found to be present, unlike middle class who are taught to defer gratification which means setting long term goals and receiving the benefits some what in the near future. Immediate gratification is ‘living for the day’ and is all about setting short term aims and wanting rewards straight away rather than waiting to receive them at a future date. Working class may choose this path because they are not educated in the way middle class are and simply do not have the lifestyle or maybe parental interest? Lack of parental interest can be the downfall of the working class and can certainly affect a Childs achievement. studies were carried out in working class homes and found lack of stimulation which is key in a Childs up bringing for success, also the number of times working class parents visited their Childs schools in comparison to the middle class parents... [continues]
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