Explain the Teleological Argument (25 Marks)

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Explain the Teleological Argument (25)

The Teleological Argument is widely known as The Design Argument. It originated from the greek word 'telos' which means 'end'. The is a posteriori and inductive argument which means it looks at the evidence and concludes from it. The classic Design Argument claims that the universe has order, purpose and regularity and the complexity of the universe shows evidence of design. This leads to the conclusion that there is a designer of the universe who is said to be God.In Socrates' words: "With such signs of forethought in the design of living creatures,can you doubt they are the work of choice or design?"

Thomas Aquinas was 13th century philosopher. His argument is included in his book the Summa Theologica and is the fifth of his 5 Ways. He identified that the way natural bodies act in a regular fashion to accomplish their end provides the evidence of an intelligent being.That is said to be God, he directs things to their natural goals, like an archer firing an arrow. There are two main arguments for design.

The first one Design Qua Regularity that says that the design of the universe is highlighted in relation to its order and regularity which could be classified of evidence that there is a designer - God. An example of this is the rotation of the planets and the natural laws.They are not caused by random chance according to philosophers who support the TA. The second is Design Qua Purpose which states there is an order in the way things in the universe appear.It is compared to a machine where the parts fit together to fulfil a purpose. William Paley had an argument that a watch was a complex piece of machinery made by an intelligent designer even if we don't understand its purpose. In the same way things in the universe fit together suggests a designer.

The Anthropic Principle written by F.R. Tennant and claims that the cosmos was constructed for the development of intelligent life. The primary conditions...
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