Explain the Risk and Possible Consequences for Children and Young People of Being Online and of Using a Mobile Phone

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UNIT 025 OUTCOME 7

UNDERSTAND HOW TO SAFEGARD AND WELLBEING OF CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE

UNDERSTAND THE IMPORTANCE OF E-SAFETY FOR CHLDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE

EXPLAIN THE RISK AND POSSIBLE CONSEQUENCES FOR CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE OF BEING ONLINE AND OF USING A MOBILE PHONE

As an access to internet brings huge benefits for everyone, especially as a source of knowledge. Nowadays dark side of internet and mobile network is more and more visible as it also offer possibilities for the abuse of children and young people. Increasingly more children and young people have access to internet and mobile phones, which may be beneficial but also brings significant risk of exposing them to threats to their safety and well-being. Internet, mobile phones as well as video games pose a risk of:

● cyber-bullying. Children may receive texts or emails that make them feel sad, embarrassed, upset, depressed or afraid. This could be damaging to the child’s self-esteem and psychological well-being.

● access to unsuitable sites and materials like pornographic, hateful or violent in nature; that encourages activities that are dangerous or illegal, age inappropriate or biased.
● exposure to commercial sites.

● danger from adult seeking to exploit children. Some people use the internet to make contact with children and young people with the intention of developing a relationship which they can progress to sexual activity.

● Cliques and groups. Just as in the real world, cliques and groups can form online and these groups may get involved in inappropriate, antisocial, or illegal behaviour while using digital technologies.

● Divulging Personal Information. Most parents do not allow their children to give out personal information online and around 50% of children acknowledge this. Just under half of 9-19 year old children who go online once a week say that they have given out personal information, such as their full name, age, address, email address, phone number, hobbies, name of their school etc., to someone they met on the internet.

In summary, risks associated with using the internet and digital technologies are often categorised as resulting from content, contact, commerce or culture.

Content | Commerce | Contact | Culture |
Exposure to age inappropriate materialExposure to inaccurate or misleading informationExposure to socially unacceptable material that might incite violence hate or intoleranceExposure to illegal material | Exposure of minors to inappropriate commercial advertisingOnline gamblingCommercial and financial scamsDivulging personal information | Grooming using communication technologies leading to assault of a sexual or other nature | Bullying via websites, mobile phones etcDownloading of copyrighted material for example music and films |

DESCRIBE THE WAYS OF REDUCINT RISK TO CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE FROM: SOCIAL NETWORKING,INTERNET USE, BULLYING ONLINE, USING A MOBILE PHONE.

A comprehensive report of internet usage by young people in the 9-19 year old age range by the London School of Economics (UK Children Go Online, 2006) found the following: 74% have internet access at home

98% have access somewhere
24% have broadband at home
22% of boys and 19% of girls had internet access in their bedroom 24% rely on school as main source of internet access
Most young people access the internet for limited periods of time, on a frequent basis, with 40% being daily users. Of these daily users, 19% spend up to 10 minutes online and 48% between 10 minutes and one hour. Of the 84% of young people that access the internet on a weekly or more frequent basis, most used it for searching for information or helping with homework. Below is a list of activities performed by children on the internet ordered by popularity. Obtain information on things other than school work (94%) Help with school work (90%)

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