Q: Explain the reasons why children and young people’s development may not follow the expected pattern. The child:
There are many factors that influence a child/young persons development such as health issues, personal characteristics, motivation to learn, behaviour, sensory impairment, disability and learning difficulties. Even before birth a child needs to reach many milestones and however small or large they can cause a delay in a child’s development and in many cases are completely out of the child’s or parents control. Faulty genetics for example is a factor that is completely out of our control. Disability can affect several areas of development at the same time but early support might help minimise the effects of the disability. If a child suffers from health issues such as asthma, it may make them unable to take part in activities and then lessen the understanding of being able to be part of a team. Learning difficulties, physical disabilities and sensory impairments like blindness and deafness can again make them unable to socialise and work with other children which is a major part in helping and assisting their development, also they could be withdrawn and
Mrs Lorna Stevens
TASK 1.7 UNIT 1 PAGE 2
make them feel like they don’t belong. Communication for medical reasons like hearing or tongue tied can cause communication problems children who have communication needs find it hard to express themselves and can show aggressive behaviour when frustrated. Children who experience communication needs might have problems with reading and writing. A child in a wheelchair or with a serious physical impairment would find it hard to do many activities, particularity those that are physically demanding. Gross motor skills would be at a less developed rate than peers and fine motor skills may be affected if the child had little or no control over their limbs. Emotional reasons, if a child is not settled and having good attachments they are more likely to have low confidence and self esteem they might not try new tasks and have a lack of motivation. A child with learning problems may be many developmental years behind their peers, this will have a big impact on what they can do in all areas of development including physical skills, social skills and intellectual skills. They may find it especially hard to interact with children of the same age or stay interested in conversation. They may also need to have one-to-one lessons at school to help educate them as they may not be at the same cognitive stage as peers. This may leave them feeling left out.
Children and young people are influenced by physical factors, environmental factors, social and emotional factors plus economical factors.
Mrs Lorna Stevens
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Their Family/home circumstances:
Socially and Emotionally the family is a big influence in a child’s development. Parents have a big role by providing care and guidance for their development. Unfortunately some families cannot promote the development of a child because of the conflict among the parents. A single parent can have difficulties in boosting a better development in children and young people, sometimes a child is separated from its siblings and this can affect them too. Environmental factors - if a child’s house is not maintained in a proper way it negatively affects their developments. If a house does not have proper heating and has dampness, it may cause illness to child, like, respiratory illness, bronchitis, eczema. Parents having low income tend to live in poor neighbourhood with not enough space to live in and often without any outside space. Not being able to play outside would almost certainly affect social development, as children make many friendships at the playground and other outdoor areas like clubs....