American Intercontinental University
Unit 1 Individual Project
Theories of Crime Causation
In this paper I will explain the differences between Criminologists, Criminalists, and Forensic psychologists and what is the difference in their disciplines of expertise. As well as looking at blue collar crime vs. white collar crime, how they are reported and measured by the FBI in their uniformed crime reporting. Also how blue collar crime is much more popular culture by the media. And finally the difference between a index- one and index- two crime under the UCR, as well as which index-one crimes are violent crimes and which ones are property crimes. In my conclusion I look at the three fields of criminal justice together create a unified force to battle crime and the difference in white and blue collar crime carries much different sentences. as well as how some new form of UCR needs to put in place. I will look at the difference in the amount of time given for crimes depending on what type of crime such as white collar or blue collar.
In order to understand the different types of criminal justice we should look at it like a three leg stool and that each leg is just as important as the other in order to prevent, solve and investigate crime and criminal behavior. The first leg of this stool is Criminology this is a study that is within the confines of sociology in doing so a criminologist looks more from a social science point of view into the causation and prevention of crime and the criminal justice system as a whole. The Criminologists assess the effectiveness of criminal profiles and investigative techniques and conduct research. With this more sociological approach the Criminologists take classes in areas of concentration such as white-collar crime, victimology, juvenile justice, and human behavior (Free dictonary;nd). The next leg of the criminal justice stool is the Criminalist, in this study the Criminalist will require a more science oriented approach found in the studies of chemistry, biology, physics, and statistics, along with courses in criminal justice. The Criminalist deals with science, to help in solving many questions that police have, with things like the collection of DNA evidence. The Criminalists examine and perform scientific tests in the laboratory on obscure evidence found at a crime scene they usually work in a forensic science lab, and are found in most Federal or State government, working alongside of police. Forensic science (or criminalistics) applies a collection of physical and biological sciences along with new and ever evolving technologies that are applied to issues of law (Gaensslen, 2003). The third and ever important leg is Forensic psychology. This has to do with criminal profiling wherein profilers attempt to create a tentative personality composite of the potential suspect. "Forensic psychology involves application of psychological research, theory, and clinical practice to the legal/criminal justice system. Forensic psychologists mostly conduct research and may also determine the mental fitness of defendants to stand trial and help with jury selection, eliminating those jurors who have psychological biases that may affect the case. “Crime is, at its most basic level, an expression of one’s motivations and desires, and it is this tenet that is at the core of profiling” (Palmero, 2005, p. 246).The foremost method for preparing for this research was a thorough literature review. The other research methods used were critical thinking and interpretations of studies, procedures, computer simulations and experiments (Woodworth & Porter, 1999) . According to Gerberth, the fundamentals of a profiler analyzes acquired facts from the crime scene(s), victim(s), and witnesses to create a personality composite of a potential perpetrator (as cited in Woodworth &...