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Explain the Characteristics of the Different Types of Schoo in Relation to Educational Stages and the School Governance

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  • October 2011
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Explain the characteristics of the different types of school in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance.

Community schools
These are run and owned by the local authority. The LEA (local education authority) employs the schools staff. They own the building and the land. The LEA deal with the admissions. The governors deal with the budget and the appoint or dismiss staff.

Foundation and trust schools
Foundation schools are run by their own governing body which determines the admissions policy in consultation with the LEA. The governors employ the staff and they own the land and bulidings. A trust school, although a type of foundation school, will form a charitable trust with an outside partner, such as a business. The school will have to buy in any support services. The decision to become a trust school will be made by the governing body in consultation with parents.

Federation
There are two types of federation schools:-
Hard- have the same governing bodies - in 2 or more schools
Soft- different governing bodies 2 or more schools.

Voluntary aided/ church schools
These are mainly religious or ‘faith’ schools. They have their own governing body whom employ the staff. The church owns the building and the land. They are responsible for their own budget. Usually theses schools are church of England or Catholic schools.

Voluntary controlled
These are very similar to a voluntary-aided school s, although the are run and funded by the local authority which also employs the staff and provides support services. The land and the buildings are usually owned by a charity, which is often a religious organisation.

Specialist schools.
These are usually secondary schools which can apply for speacialist status to develop one or two subject specialisms. The receive additional government funding for doing this. Specialist status’s could include Mathematics and computing

Art
Technology
Business & enterprise.

Independent schools
These...

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