4.1 Explain how groups behave differently to individuals within an organization and what characteristics they exhibit.
A group is a collection of individuals who have regular contract and they interact frequently this is because they have a something in common, mutual influence and who work together to achieve a set of common goals. (1) Where as an individual is a person that works by him/herself to achieve their own goals.
Group’s behavior refers to the situations where people interact in large or small groups. The field of group dynamics deals with small groups that may reach consensus and act in a coordinated way. Groups of a large number of people in a given area may act simultaneously to achieve a goal that differs from what individuals would do acting alone A large group is likely to show examples of group behavior when people gathered in a given place and time act in a similar way—for example, joining a protest or march, participating in a fight or acting patriotically.
Tuckman’s Model of Group Development
Forming: in which the group is just coming together. It is often characterized by shyness, uncertainty among the members, although adventures members may rapidly assume some kind of leadership. Storming: is having been established, there is a period of jockeying for position, authority and influence among the members. In classes, this is the period of "testing-out" the teacher. Disagreements appear or are manufactured and roles are eventually allocated. The initial leaders may not survive this period: it is the most uncomfortable phase of the group's life—a sort of group adolescence. Norming: having sorted out its internal structure, there is then the issue of what the group stands for. What kind of behavior and contribution is acceptable and what isn't? Members explore behind the power processes of storming and begin to form some idea of the group's identity: the "group in the mind". This is rarely done explicitly, of course, and it can readily slip back into Storming, Performing: after all that, the group can begin to get some work done, on the basis of a relatively stable structure. Adjourning: This is about completion and disengagement, both from the tasks and the group members. Individuals will be proud of having achieved much and glad to have been part of such an enjoyable group. They need to recognize what they've done, and consciously move on. Some describe stage 5 as "Deforming and Mourning", recognizing the sense of loss felt by group members.
Groups form a common goal, purpose, sense of loyalty and trust, in a group they develop norms that all members follow. The relationships of the groups affect the outcome. In a group more risks are taken because each individual in the group has more confidence than if they were alone. Also decisions made by the group the performance.
Groups behavior is different to individual behavior in organization because groups can share ideas meaning there is more knowledge with in a group than one person for example if one person in the group has an idea the other people in the group can l grow on that idea whereas an individual would only have one idea.
Groups are a characteristic of all social situations and almost everyone in an organization will be a member of one or more groups. Members of a group must co-operate in order for work to be carried out effectively, and managers themselves will work within these groups. People in groups influence each other in many ways and groups may develop their own hierarchies and leaders. Group pressures can have a major influence over the behavior of individual members and their work performance. (3)
Every individual is different from another and can be complex; the challenge of an effective organization is in successfully matching the task. In an ideal situation, a manager would analyze the task, and then determine the skills need, and they assemble a team that complement each...
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