Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of personal and external factors. 2.1 And 2.2 Personal Factors
* During pregnancy-: If the mother smokes ,takes drugs, becomes ill or suffers from stress or anxiety this can result in premature birth and health problems for the baby such as -: low birth weight, undeveloped organs, problems with sight and hearing. These are all problems that could delay their development. Some children are born with conditions that could affect their development such as a blood disorder. * Health-: health problems can be genetic or caused by the environment the child grows up in. If the child lives in poor quality houses with damp this could trigger asthma and other breathing problems .Poor diet could affect their development. Children with heath problems may miss time out of Preschool this would affect their social development such as making friends. Physical development would also be effected if a child feels unwell or restricted and are unable to join in. * Physical disabilities-: can put a child at a disadvantage in many ways e.g. If a child had restricted movements they may find it difficult to join in with things such as sport, putting building blocks together manipulating materials etc... * Sensory impairment –Visual or hearing. If a child has a hearing problem this would influence their development, it could affect their speech and communication and may make them feel they are unable to join in with other children’s games if they can’t communicate properly with them. Visual impairment can also influence a Childs development they are unable to watch and learn from what others are doing. They may have difficulty learning their way around new environments such as a new preschool. As each area of learning is co-dependent on others a child with a disability could have delays in all areas of learning so would need support in all areas to help them minimise delays. External factors
* Family environment-:Parents play a key role in their development ,most parents or carers give their children a good diet, play opportunities, love and security, a good education and are actively involved in their education this has a great effect on their cognitive and social and emotional development. There are some parents that are unable to give these things to their child maybe due to a disability or illness, some parents may need to work long hours and not have the time to do things with their children. They may suffer from stress or depression due to unemployment. * Poverty-: can effect a Childs development in many ways such as poor housing which could affect their heath, lack of play centres, parks, libarys etc. Can affect their physical and cognitive and social development. * Looked after children-: children in care of local authorities maybe because of death, family breakdown, abusive family member etc .this can effect a child in different ways-being taken away from one family to another could upset the emotional development of a child, being taken from where they feel safe and secure to somewhere unfamiliar could affect their confidence and self esteem. * Education-: A good quality education will help children’s development in all areas eg: Learning to read and write, problem solving, physical activities such as sports, social and emotional development. Some schools offer after school activities such as choir, sports and art which will also enhance development. A poor quality education will delay development and skills needed to grow and learn. Some children have difficulty in school or don’t enjoy school. This can delay their development and lower their self esteem and confidence. Therefore they don’t benefit from the opportunities that are there for them.
How current practice is influenced by theories of development and frameworks. 2.3...