Experimental Psychology Proposal

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The Effects of Genre of Music on Memory Retention

Abstract

The existing experiment was conducted to confirm the effects of genre of music on memory retention. With the knowledge that music does have an effect on human mind and body, background information and our previous experience with music gave us this hypothesis. Certain types of music are known to activate the left and right parts of the brain, which maximizes learning and aids in memory retention (Heathman,2011). Responses to music are easy to be detected in the human body. Classical music from the baroque period causes the heart beat and pulse rate to relax to the beat of the music. As the body becomes relaxed and alert, the mind is able to concentrate more easily. (O’Donnell, 1999) . Classical and rock genre were used as an independent variables in this study. A post test and pretest design was used to examine the difference between the memory retention of the participant who listened to rock music and those participants who were listened to classical music. The results of the experiments indicated that genre of music does have effects on memory retention of the participants. The result also provided evidence for a relation between music and memory function of the listener.

“THE EFFECTS OF GENRE OF MUSIC ON MEMORY RETENTION”

Most people, especially students were trying to find an effective way to maximize learning and retention of information. Music has an ability to activate the left and right hemisphere of our brain simultaneously. Also, activities which involve music causes the brain to be more capable of processing information. The power of music to affect an individual’s memory was quite intriguing. When you listen to music you know, it stimulates the hippocampus, which handles long-term storage in the brain. Doing so can also bring out relevant memories you made while listening to a particular song (Klowoski,2011). The idea that forming a new memory with music, and then using the same music again later to recall the memory still appears to be a sound idea. If you're having trouble remembering something, you might have better luck if you play the same music you were listening to when you first made the thought. The memory is a mental system that receives stores, organizes, alters and recovers information from sensory input. Sensory memory, short-term memory and long-term memory are the three basic types. Information first enters sensory memory, which holds an exact copy of the data for a few seconds. Short-term memory is the next step, and it holds small quantities of information for a brief period longer than sensory memory. Selective attention is utilized at this time to regulate what information is transferred to short-term memory. Unimportant information is removed permanently (Coon, 1997). Rock music is believed to be disturbing to some individuals, but ironically some find it as an effective alternative pattern of studying. On the other hand, Classical music has a soothing effect to its listeners that help them to function more in retaining information. Rock music is known to help with visual memory retention but not learning memory retention. Classical music is more harmonic while rock music is more rhythmic. Rhythmic music makes listeners more passionate, raising adrenaline, while harmonic music makes listeners more contemplative. Studies have shown that exposure to rock music causes learning and memory retention problems because the rhythm acts in the same way a drug do. However, the brain does create a strong association between rock music and what is happening visually when you hear the song. So, regardless of conditions, when you hear a rock music song, your brain will automatically associate it with the first time you heard it (Heathman, 2011) This study aims to recognize the effects of genre of music on memory retention of an individual to provide them an easy way of working especially with the use of memory and daily processing...
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