Topics: Alzheimer's disease, Neuron, Neurology Pages: 2 (675 words) Published: April 10, 2014
Alzheimer’s is defined as the most common form of dementia. At the present time there are no cures for this disease this disease does get worse as time goes by and can eventually lead to death. Alzheimer’s first existed in 1906 the disease was given its name from Alois Alzheimer who was a psychiatrist and neuropathologist. This disease is usually identified in elderly men and women who are over the age of 65. There are numerous symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s however thousands of individuals are misdiagnosed each year.

Understanding Alzheimer’s can be extremely challenging because you have to first understand what exactly the disease is and where exactly this disease originated from. Therefore first we must find out what dementia is since Alzheimer’s is a form of dementia. Dementia is defined as a loss of cognitive abilities and a loss of mental ability severe enough to interfere with normal activities of daily living, lasting six months, and not present since birth according to the Medical dictionary. Dementia is also caused by a gradual loss of brain cells. Thus makes the person having Alzheimer’s forget events, memories and even at times they tend to forget who and where they are.

There are two separate parts of the brain. The side affected by dementia or Alzheimer’s usually is caused by degeneration in the cerebral cortex, the part of the brain responsible for thoughts. This then shows cognitive impairment that characterizes dementia. The brain becomes clogged with two abnormal structures called neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques. Neurofibrillary tangles are protein fibers inside nerve cells (neurons). Senile plaques are a group of proteins called beta-amyloid deposits. Current research indicates possible roles for inflammation, blood flow restriction, and molecular fragments known as free radicals.

Dementia and Alzheimer’s both have symptoms that can also be identified as age related symptoms. Some of the basic symptoms associated with...
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