Exoneration: Law and Innocence Project

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SUNWAY COLLEGE JOHOR BAHRU

VICTORIA UNIVERSITY—ENGLISH FOR BUSINESS

ASSIGNMENT 2 :EXONERATION

Group Members :
1. Sim Mao Sheng11076627
2. Woong Cheun Loy12014452
3. Gue Seng Wai12010781

Lecturer: Ms. Vimala Devi
Submitted On: 29 May 2012

CONTENT

1. QUESTION 1

2. TABLE OF CONTENT2

3. INTRODUCTION TO EXONERATION3

4. CASE ( 1 ) : JIMMY RAY BROMGARD4

5. CASE ( 1 ) : GROUP OPINION5

6. CASE ( 2 ) : CHRISTOPHER OCHOA6

7. CASE ( 2 ) : GROUP OPINION7

8. CONCLUSION8

9. REFERENCE9

Introduction
What is exoneration ?
Exoneration is an action in which someone is cleared of guilt, blame, responbility, obligation in criminal law. Providing an avenue to allow innocent people to be discharged of guilty verdicts .

What situation ?
Exoneration occurs when a person who has been convicted of a crime is later proved to have been innocent of that crime.

Case 1 : Jimmy Ray Bromgard
Age at Arrest: 18
Year of conviction: 1987
Hometown: Billings, Montana
Sentence Served: 14.5 Years
Exoneration Year: 2002

Background :
On March 20, 1987, a young girl was raped in her Billings home by an intruder who had broken in through a window.

Factors that led to conviction :
1. A composite sketch
2. Bad lawyering
3. The “hair expert”

Punishment Charged :
40 years.

Reason of release :
DNA testing showed that Jimmy wasn’t the attacker.

Group opinion :
In this case, we think that Innocent Project should be encourage to establish in every country to help the victim under the justice system. This is because the victim was innocent, so they need some organization’s help. There got many way to help the victim just like Innocent Project. Moreover, everyone should not give up, The victim should take seriously on identify the criminal. If no sure about it, let do a test and depend the evidence. We should not judge someone by their looks. Besides that, law enforcement officers must be fair when they are on their duties. All lawyer must try their best and non-discriminatory. So that, all the victim can get help from them.

Case 2: Christopher Ochoa
Age at Arrest: 22
Year of Conviction: 1989
Hometown: El Paso, TX
Sentence Served: 11.5 Years
Exoneration Year: 2001
Background :
* Chris Ochoa was a good student in El Paso, Texas.
* He dreams to be a professional athlete.
* He worked as a manager at Pizza Hut before going to college. * A woman was raped and Police suspected an employee was involved. * Police brought Chris and his friend for questioning.

Factors that led to conviction :
* Police told him they knew he was guilty.
* His best friend,Richard Danziger, was ready to implicate him. * He would receive the death penalty unless he confessed. * Only choice was between death by lethal injection and life in prison. * Agreed to sign confessions concocted by the police.

* Agreed to testify against Richard Danziger.

Punishment Charged :
* Sentenced to life in prison.
Reason of release :
* He wrote to the Innocence Project for seeking assistance. * Biological evidence had been preserved.
* Findley and Pray sought DNA testing.
* DNA and corroborating evidence proved them not involved in the crime. * Lawyers filed a joint application to set aside his conviction on the ground of actual innocence.

Life after exoneration :
* He finished college and was accepted into the University of Wisconsin Law School. * Worked for the Innocence Project.
* In 2006,he graduated from University of Wisconsin Law School. * Today, he is a pratising defense attorney.

Group opinion :
In our opinion, we think that the innocence project had done a great job to help out these victims under the innocence cases. The people who in the prison was helpless when they were facing their wrongful conviction. Many of them do not know the law...
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