CRITIQUE PAPER #3
BETHEL JADE M. MEDIONA
MS. YOLANDA DEL ROSARIO, MACE
The lesson is about existentialism, reconstructionism and nationalism. These are parts of Educational Philosophies, and just like the other ISMs, it has significant role in us being human and in our Education. We will know how it was taught and what the importance of this three is. EXISTENTIALISM
Existentialism, from its root word “Existence” meaning focused only on one-self. From birth to death, existence was there in between. It is more of individual rather than social. They are more concerned on finding themselves and what is the meaning of life on their existence through free will, personal choices and other responsibilities. Existentialist need to justify their existence, “Who are you?”, “Where are you going?” and “What’s the point of living?” For them, they’re having their journey in life to know their purpose based on their own philosophy.
In Education, Existentialism is very important, because as an Educator we should know each child’s life, existence and story behind their attitudes and characters, for us to become an effective educator. For example, a child has a problem and suddenly changed his/her attitude; we have to know the reason behind it for us to understand him/her. We should know also their philosophy and belief in life so that we could better adjust, know and appreciate their existence as well.
Reconstructionalism, is just an extension of progressivism. Just like progressivism, its educational philosophy is – the students will learn more by doing it, meaning learning through experience rather than through being told or lectured. They exposed the students by actively participating activities.
Reconstructionists don’t believe in a predetermined curriculum. They would use the subject matter from any or all disciplines when...