To begin with I would like to briefly what the dictionary defines as existentialism."A philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent
determining their own development through acts of the wil"l(merriam-webster). It is a a 20thcentury philosophical movement that places the main emphasis on the existence of humans. Existentialism calls attention
to freedom of action and freedom of choice. According to this theory one is always free to act in any way he or she wills and should not consider others actions, thoughts or views in doing so. Since every person in
considered to bought into the world alone and thena gain die alone they are not expected to be courteous or considerate to the people around them. Esentially we are all responsible for our own existence.
However existentialism is so vague in its definition because it is viewed so differently by so many people. Not just scholars but those who study the term as well.The "fathers" of existentialism are said to be; Soren
Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche, although the phenomenological version of it begins in Heidegger,who vehemently denied being an existentialist, Sartre, and continues through Kafka and Camus.
Since most "existentialist" thinkers never used that word to describe their philosophies,Sartre did, but purportedly rejected the term on his deathbed, you will find some differences between them However
existentialism and those who live it tend to have certain characteristics according to most scholars: ■"they are obsessed with how to live one's life and believe that philosophical and psychological inquiry can help. ■they believe there are certain questions that everyone must deal with (if they are to take human life seriously), and that these are special -- existential -- questions. Questions such as death, the meaning of human existence, the place of God in human existence,...
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