Exile in Dapitan

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Chapter 22
Exile in Dapitan, 1892-96

Rizal lived in exile in far away Dapitan, a remote town in Mindanao w/c was under the missionary jurisdiction of the Jesuits, from 1892-1896. This four year interregnum in his life was tediously unexciting, but was abundantly fruitful w/ varied achievements. He practiced medicine, pursued scientific studies, continued his artistic and literary works widened his knowledge of languages, established a school for boys, promoted community development projects, invented a wooden machine for making bricks and engaged in farming and commerce.

Beginning of Exile in Dapitan

The steamer Cebu that brought Rizal to Dapitan also carried a letter from Father Pablo Pastells, to Father Antonio Obach, Jesuit parish Priest of Dapitan. In this letter Father Pastells informed father Obach that Rizal could live at the Parish convent on the ff conditions:

1. “That Rizal publicly retracts his errors concerning religion, and make statements that were clearly pro Spanish and against revolution. 2. “That he performs the church rites and makes a general confession of his past life. 3. “That henceforth he conducts himself in an exemplary manner as a Spanish subject and a man of religion.”

Rizal did not agree w/ the conditions. Consequently he lived in the house of the commandant. The relation between captain Carnicero (the warden) and Rizal (the prisoner) were warm and friendly. Carnicero was charmed by Rizal fine qualities and personality. Carnicero came to know that Rizal was not a common felon, mch less a Filibustero. He gave him complete freedom to go anywhere, and permitted Rizal to ride his chestnut horse. On the occasion of the Captain’s birthday on August 26, 1892 Rizal wrote a poem, A Don Ricardo Carnicero.

Wins in Manila Lottery

(September 21, 1892 – The mail boat Butuan approach the shore of Dapitan. Captain Carnicero , thinking that a high Spanish officials was coming dresses in his gala uniform ordered...
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