The first paragraph of your essay is the introductory paragraph. In this first paragraph of your essay, you should review your topic in a general fashion. You should also tell the reader why they might care to read more. The final sentence of your introductory paragraph will be your thesis statement. Your thesis statement will guide the reader as to what will follow. You have laid the groundwork for your essay. Next, the body of your essay will provide the structure, the clarity, and the direction for your paper. Each paragraph should be limited to one idea. Each paragraph should be connected in some way to your thesis statement. Transitions are very important to your essay. Transitions are the glue that hold the paragraphs of your paper together. Examples of transitions are: next, furthermore, moreover, however, on the other hand, no doubt, and finally. This third paragraph may look at opposing views. For a well-rounded point of view, it is important to consider multiple perspectives. The body of your essay should include detailed, accurate, and relevant information that aims to support your thesis statement. Finally, your last paragraph is your conclusion. Rather than simply restating your introduction, try and brand your reader with your closing statements. Tell the reader again about your topic, thesis, and main point(s) of your essay.
Citations are used to reference material from another source. Using citations to give credit to others whose ideas or words you have used is an essential requirement to avoid issues of plagiarism. To avoid potential problems, always be sure to cite your sources by referring to the author’s last name and the year of publication in parentheses at the end of the sentence, such as (Johnson, 2008) and page numbers if you are using word for word materials, such as “ask not what your country can do for you but what you can do...