Exegesis of the Book of James

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An Exegesis of James
Synopsis/Overview:

The Book of James is addressed to the twelve tribes in the Dispersion and outlines how an individual should live their life. The book of James outlines the faith walk through sincere religion, honest faith, and wisdom. The book of James also contains a significant parallel to Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount in Matthew 5-7. James begins by describing the overall traits of the walk of faith. James goes on to discuss the evil of the tongue, the responsibility of anyone who teaches, and faith in action. He then compares and contrasts the difference between worldly and godly wisdom and asks us to become close to God and abstain from evil. James goes on by rebuking the rich who hoard and those who are self-reliant. James ends with encouragement to believers; he tells to be patient in suffering, pray and care for one another and strengthening their faith through fellowship (James 1:1-5:20, p. 2120-5, The New Oxford Annotated Bible, 2010).

Author:
* According to Utley, the author of the book of James is James (Utley, Introduction to James, 2012, http://bible.org/search/apachesolr_search/literary%20work%20of%20james). * Several scholars agree to the idea that the book of James was written by James himself, who was also the half-brother of Jesus (Hauer & Young, 2012, p. 10; The New Oxford Annotated Bible, 2010, p. 2119). * Reworked by a disciple to create the letter, as it is known today (The New Oxford Annotated Bible, 2010, p. 2119).

Style/Format:
* Wisdom literature (Hauer & Young, 2012, p. 163, 314; Utley, Introduction to James, 2012, http://bible.org/search/apachesolr_search/literary%20work%20of%20james). * Letter (The New Oxford Annotated Bible, 2010, p. 2119). * New Testament letter (Hauer & Young, 2012, p. 10).

* General (or Catholic) Epistles/letters (Hauer & Young, 2012, p. 290, 306). * Loosely organized collection of teachings (The New Oxford Annotated Bible, 2010, p. 2119).

Key characters:
* James (The New Oxford Annotated Bible, 2010).
* God (The New Oxford Annotated Bible, 2010).
* People of the twelve tribes of the Dispersion (The New Oxford Annotated Bible, 2010). * Jewish Christians (Utley, 1995-2012, http://bible.org/seriespage/introduction-james).

Language(s):
* Koine Greek (Fresno Pacific University, Lemoore, CA, Dr. Simmons Lecture, 2012 ;Wallace, 1995-2012, http://bible.org/seriespage/james-introduction-outline-and-argument).

Period of time it was written:
* Scholars agree on two possible dates for the book of James. Early, before the Jerusalem Council in A.D. 49, or later, just before the death of James in A.D. 62. (Utley, Introduction to James, 2012, http://bible.org/search/apachesolr_search/literary%20work%20of%20james).

* Reasons that the book of James was written in A.D. 49; the use of “synagogue”, the lack of church organization, the use of the word “elder” in its Jewish sense, and no mention of the controversy over the Gentile mission (ibid).

* Reason for that the book of James was written in A.D. 62; the possible reaction by James to Paul’s letter to the Roman taking an opposite approach to correct an inappropriate usage of Paul’s preaching or writings by the heretics and the assumption that the book assumes basic Christian doctrines because of their total absence from the book. (ibid). * Written early after Jesus’ death (ibid).

* 900-100 C.E. (Hauer & Young, 2012, p. 306).
* Dated sometime later than ca. 57 C.E. (The New Oxford Annotated Bible, 2010, p. 2119).

Location of letter:
* The location of the addressee is believed to be outside of Jerusalem and possibly Judea; therefore, the location of the letter could be outside of Jerusalem and possibly Judea (Wallace, 1995-2012, http://bible.org/seriespage/james-introduction-outline-and-argument).

Location of narrative:
* Possibly written in Palestine (Utley, Introduction to James,...
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