Executive Branch

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The U.S. Constitution declares that the executive power shall reside in the President of the United States, and makes no mention of “executive departments”. It does go into detail about the structure or organization of the president’s branch of government. The framers of the Constitution knew what they wanted from the presidency, to include national leadership, statesmanship in foreign affairs, command in times of war, and enforcer of laws. They did not have a precise sense of how the office would work in practice, so they chose to describe the powers of the president in general terms. In order to become President of the United States, candidates must be native born U.S. citizens. Candidates can be born abroad, but only if their parents are citizens of the U.S. Candidates must also be at least 35 years of age. John F. Kennedy was the youngest person to be elected president, at the age of 43. Finally, one must live in the United States for at least 14 years. The process of electing a president is spelled out in the Constitution, although it has been modified over the years through the use of amendments. The national presidential election is a two-step process, consisting of a nationwide vote and the Electoral College vote. Each state, and the District of Columbia, holds a separate election to see which presidential candidate will get the electoral votes from that state. The Electoral College then votes for the President, based on the results of the state election poll. The candidate which receives the majority of the electoral votes is deemed the winner of the presidential election. In the event of a tie, the vote moves to the House of Representatives, where each state would get one vote. The president is elected to serve a term of four years, with a maximum of two terms. Article II, Section I of the U.S. Constitution states that the “executive power shall be vested in a president of the United States of America.” The president has many roles, and performs many...
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