Types of Excise Duties
* Basic Excise Duty (BED): This is the duty charged under section 3 of the Central Excises and Salt Act, 1944 on all excisable goods other than salt which are produced or manufactured in India. Basic Excise Duty [also known as Central Value Added Tax (CENVAT)] is levied at the rates specified in Central Excise Tariff Act.
* Special Excise Duty (SED): As per the Section 37 of the Finance Act, 1978 Special excise Duty was attracted on all excisable goods on which there is a levy of Basic excise Duty under the Central Excises and Salt Act,1944. Special Excise Duty is levied at the rates specified in the Second Schedule to Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985.
* Education Cess on Excise Duty: Section 93 of Finance (No. 2) Act, 2004 states that education Cess is 'duty of excise', to be calculated on aggregate of all duties of excise including special excise duty or any other duty of excise, but excluding education Cess on excisable goods.
* Excise duty in case of clearances by EOU: The EOU units are expected to export all their production. However, if they clear their final product in DTA (domestic tariff area), the rate of excise duty will be equal to customs duty on like article if imported in India.
* National Calamity contingent Duty (NCCD): A 'National Calamity Contingent Duty' (NCCD) has been imposed vide section 136 of Finance Act, 2001 [clause 129 of Finance Bill, 2001, w.e.f. 1.3.2001]. This duty is imposed on pan masala, chewing tobacco and cigarettes.
* Duties under other Acts: Some duties and Cess are levied on manufactured products under other Acts. The administrative machinery of central excise is used to collect those taxes. Provisions of Central Excise Act and Rules have been made applicable for levy and collection of these duties / Cess.
* Additional Duty on Goods of Special Importance (AED [GSI]): Some goods of special importance are levied Additional Excise under Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance) Act, 1957. The 'Additional Duty' is in addition to excise duty. This scheme was introduced based on the suggestion made by the manufacturers to Government, that multiple level taxes and duties should be avoided. Levy and collection of all taxes at one stage by single authority will be convenient for payment and administration. Hence, by agreement between Central and State Governments, it was decided to make a beginning in 1957, by selecting some items where additional duty will be collected instead of sales tax and such additional duty will be distributed among various States. Revenue from this duty is distributed among State Governments on the basis of percentages given in the second schedule to the Act. * Some items covered are textile articles like cotton fabrics, silk and wool fabrics, man-made fibers, terry fabrics, metallised yarn, embroidery; sugar, branded tobacco, pan masala containing tobacco and cigarettes. * Duty on Medical and Toilet Preparations: Excise duty is imposed on medical preparations under Medical and Toilet Preparations (Excise Duties) Act, 1955.
* Additional Duty on Mineral Products: Additional duty on mineral products (like motor spirit, kerosene, diesel and furnace oil) is payable under Mineral Products (Additional Duties of Excise and Customs) Act, 1958.
* Additional Customs Duty commonly known as countervailing Duty (CVD): Countervailing duty (CVD) is imposed on the Imports.
* Special Additional Duty of Customs (Special CVD): Special CVD is being imposed on items bound under the Information Technology Agreement (except information technology software), and also on specified inputs/raw materials for manufacture of electronics/IT goods. * Additional Duties of Excise (Textiles and Textile Articles) [AED (TTA)] * Additional Duty of Excise (Tea and Tea Waste) [AED (TTW)] * Secondary and Higher Education Cess
Excise Control Code (ECC) Number
The ECC number is a registration...
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