Give an example of a well stated research topic from your area of study and justify why you think the problem is researchable. 1 b).
Write short explanatory notes on the following concepts or terms; i.
Population and sample
Stratified random sampling
Nominal measurement scale
AN ASSIGNMENT PRESENTED TO DR KUJEKE
AT CHRIST COLLEGE
AN AFFILLIATE OF THE GREAT ZIMBABWE UNIVERSITY
66 WEST ROAD AVONDALE,HARARE
ADVANCED RESEARCH METHODS
1443 Mainway Meadows,
PROGRAMME; MASTER OF COMMERCE IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT
DUE DATE; 30/04/2012
Research is defined as the systematic investigation into and study of materials, sources, etc, in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions. It may also be defined as an endeavour to discover new or collate old facts etc. by the scientific study of a subject or by a course of critical investigation. (Oxford Concise Dictionary). Research is what we do when we have a question or a problem we want to resolve. We may already think we know the answer to our question already or we may think the answer is obvious, common sense even. But until we have subjected our problem to rigorous scientific scrutiny, our 'knowledge' remains little more than guesswork or at best, intuition. Below is an example of a Well stated research problem; ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF BOREHOLE WATER IN HARARE’S HIGH DENSITY AREAS BETWEEN THE YEARS 2007-2011. A CASE STUDY OF BUDIRIRO HIGH DENSITY AREA. In this presentation, the focus is on the research proposal and why the topic is researchable. Smith (2008) observes that the goal of research is to solve a problem. The topic suggested is important to the researcher and to the concerned authorities of Harare City council. It seeks to show the relationship between the location of boreholes, access to bolehole water and the prevalence of cholera and related diseases, what impact has drilling of boreholes bought to the community, are boreholes serving their purposes, the age group of people using boreholes, opportunity costs of boreholes and tape water as a sustainable intervention. According to Mouton and Babbie (2001:44) a research proposal “is a document that outlines how you propose to undertake your search studies’’. A number of variables will be studied to show some relations in disaster management. The research clearly stated and is complete. There is no ambiguity and a number of principles of research will be followed. The topic to be investigated is interesting to the researcher and many other stakeholders in the water and sanitation subsector and health subsector in general. Often the research idea originates with a real life problem in one’s community or in the school. The provisional research idea needs to be refined into a researchable problem. The research problem in this case is precisely formulated and is researchable. It is manageable within time limit set by the researcher. The problem has been broken into a number of sub-problems which can in turn be investigated. It has been narrowed to a specific area of investigating. The research topic allows collection of data to answer the problem from many perspectives. It allows a wide range of methods in data collection. Because the research design is quantitative, scientific procedures are to be used to get solutions to the problem. Background and justification
The researcher has conducted a preliminary study of the topic. Available literature on the topic has been reviewed. The preliminary literature has shown the researcher some of the issues and debates on what others have done and what needs to be done and so forth. This helps to clarify one’s thinking on the issue and identify some key research questions. There is available literature and sources of information from which data can be collected. Some of the possible sources...
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