(FACILITATOR: DR. SILK OGWU-OGBU)
ODEDEYI JAMES AYODELE
TABLE OF CONTENT
Definitions of Term 3
The Idea about Social Capital is founded from the Asset-based community development (ABCD) which has been “presented as an alternative to needs-based approaches to development” (Mathie and Cunningham,2002).
Every community ought to be a catalyst and a motivation ground for her populace just like “the ‘Social City’ in Germany helped transform the local groups and organizations into service providers that would integrate economic development with Job training and social service delivery.”(Mayer and Rankin)
As communities are helped to recognize their capabilities, it is then they can "begin to assemble their strengths into new combinations, new structures of opportunity, new sources of income and control, and new possibilities for production." (Kretzmann and McKnight,1993 ).
And under this unique atmosphere “the Spirit of Community offers both a sweeping re-visioning of contemporary society, and specific strategies for promoting social cohesion and social responsibility”(Amitai,1993).
DEFINITION OF TERMS
EXAMINE: This can be described as to look into.
IMPACT: This can be described as the observable effect of a thing, or phenomenon.
SOCIAL CAPITAL: This is the sum total of the worth of the relationships with a community or of an individual.
Hence, ”then commonalities of most of the definitions of Social Capital are that they focus on Social relations that have productive benefits.”(Social Capital Research)
EXPLOITATION: In the context of this assignment; It can be said to be “a process in which materials or someone’s skills are used effectively in order to gain an advantage or profit.”(Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English,2003).
DEVELOPMENT: It can be said to be the visible structural or invisible traceable growth within a society.
To contextualize this with a bias, economic development would be defined; “Although the term is sometimes used as a synonym for economic growth, generally it is employed to describe a change in a country’s economy involving qualitative as well as quantitative improvements.”(Britannica)
COMMUNITY: The word "community" is derived from the Old French communité which is derived from the Latin communitas (cum, "with/together" + munus, "gift"), a broad term for fellowship or organized society.
Also, it “usually refers to a social unit larger than a small village that shares common values”(Wikipedia).
The impact of the exploitation of Social Capital on the development of my community:
Since, social capital talks about specific processes persons, people groups, or organizations, work collectively in an atmosphere of trust, which can culminate to achieving goals of mutual social benefit. Yet it is not about individuals, or physical infrastructures; but a relational term that connotes interactions in the midst of people via systems which encourage and foster these. And it is important to note that the end product of Social Capital is to aid...