General Advice • Answering questions. The questions are meant to let you show the biology you know. There are no trick questions. When you are writing your answers remember that another person has to be able to read it. o o o o o o o o Do not waste time by writing out the question before you start to answer. Keep your handwriting clear and legible. Keep you answer in the lines on the question paper. If you write in the margin, at the bottom of a page, or on blank pages, part of your answer might be missed. If you have to cross out something, put a line through, but do not scribble all over it. If you have to use a different space to write another answer to one you have crossed out, then put a note to say where it is, e.g. answer on page 5 Written papers are now marked on computer screen so your written paper will be scanned. If you write on the margin the scanner may not be able to copy this. Try to be precise, in other word be accurate in what you say. Using biological terms correctly can help. Do not use word like “it”, “they”, “effect”, “affect” without any more explanation. A sentence like “It has an effect on the body” or “They affect the process” does not say anything. - If you use the word “it” or “they “– think WHAT? - If you use the word “affect” or “effect” - think HOW? - e.g. State why magnesium ions are important for healthy plant development.  - “it are needed by the plant” is true but too vague. - “They are needed by the leaves" is still too vague - Ask yourself: What is it or they? What is the “need”? - "Magnesium is needed to make chlorophyll" is a better answer - "Magnesium is part of a chlorophyll molecule." Good answer!
Terms. These are the names used in biology. These will be used in questions. You will get more marks if you can use them correctly in you examination. Ask your teacher if you are unsure of the different meanings between biological terms. o o Try to use the correct spelling. The person marking your answer will try to recognise what word you mean, but if the spelling is too wrong, then they cannot allow you a mark. Some biological terms have very similar spelling. One example is “ureter", urethra" and "uterus”. If your mis-spelling is "uretus", it could be “ureters" or "uterus". Other common examples are ovum, ova, ovary and ovule, testes and testa; sucrose and sucrase. Do not try to mix the spellings of two words when you are not sure which of them is the correct answer, e.g. meitosis, when you are not sure whether the answer is mitosis or meiosis, or urether, when you are not sure if the answer is ureter or urethra. You need to check carefully that you have used the right word when similar terms are used in the same topic , e.g. urea and urine, ureter and urethra., semen and sperm
Writing in you own words. You sometimes have to write two or more sentences to answer a question. o o Use short sentences. If you write long sentences you can get mixed up. It is hard to find correct statements in a muddled answer. You are often asked to write down something you have learned. Make sure you have learnt the meanings of the common terms used in biology, e.g. photosynthesis, osmosis, fermentation. In the revision checklist there...