Examine how urban areas become increasing sustainable (25 marks)
Sustainability is the improvement on the quality of life while living within the Earths carrying capacities. Sustainable development in urban areas are increasing due to people realising that today’s quality of life is in need of an improvement, doing this sustainably will improve situations of today in a way that does not have to be paid for tomorrow. This sustainable development phrase is defined as to meet the needs of today without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs, with these needs being something one cannot live without such as food and water. Applying this to urban area examples, many cities have made a great attempt to become increasingly sustainable for the good of their citizens and their social, economic and environmental needs. Firstly, an example would be the city of Curitiba, the capital of the Brazilian state Parana. Curitiba, like any other city, when discovered in the 1600’s and named the capital of Parana in 1854, its population rapidly increased as it became more urbanised. From its population being only 120,000 in 1940, it has since quadrupled into 1965 and since then has trebled to today’s population of 1.6 million. It was faced with the same economic, environmental, social and political issues such as unemployment, slum areas, pollution and congestion and has had increased demands for housing, services and transportation. Some Curitibanos feared that urban sprawl, fewer green spaces and lack of character would follow this rapid increase in population. A team of young idealistic architectures and planners led by Jaime Lerner proposed a plan to minimize urban sprawl, reduce downtown traffic, preserve Curitiba’s historic district and provide easily accessible and affordable public transit. Since Jaime Lerner has turned Curitiba into one of the most sustainable cities in the world. In the city centre, the first pedestrian only street...
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