DEVELOPMENT OF SAFETY CONCEPT IN AUTOMOBILE.
A PAPER PRESENTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY MINNA
ISHAQ ANKA MUHAMMAD M.TECH/SSSE/2011/3165
MUSTAPHA MAHMUD M.TECH/SSSE/2011/3104
YUSUF ABDULMALIK B. M.TECH/SSSE/2011/3044
ITE 605 SEMINAR PRESENTATIONS IN I.T.E
LECTURER: DR ABDULLAHI SHEHU MA’AJI
Development of Safety Concept in the Automobile.
Vehicle accidents are more rampant on Nigerian roads result in death of love ones yearly. Bearing in mind that accidents are inevitable, automobile manufacturers have fixed several safety devices to curtail the rate of accidents. Safety was not taken seriously during the early days of vehicle manufacturing it was until the first known fatal car accident of the last 1800s did safety becomes a design concern. The aim of this paper is therefore, to educate motorists and professionals on the importance of safety concept in automobile so as to save lives in the course of accident. Causes of accidents on the roads were itemizes and analyzed as well as recent and modern development of safety devices in automobile was researched upon. Accident avoidance on the auto safety and human factors as an integral part of the vehicle design process was also addressed.
BACKGROUND OF STUDY
The issue of safety concept in Automobile cannot be overemphasized. The resultant effect of lack of safety is accident which, happens when least expected is nobody’s wish. Several authors have defined safety in many ways their definition tends towards preventing fatal accident to the barest minimum .Peden M. Mc Gee K, Sharma G. (2002) said safety measures is necessary in order to reduce the rate of accident from occurring. According to Conford (2005), whenever accident occurs, it is an indication that somebody somewhere has failed to do what should have been done. This could be due to negligence, ignorance or lack of knowledge. Automobile safety is the study and practice of design, construction, equipment and regulation to minimize the occurrence and consequences of automobile accidents. Safety turns out to be one of the key issues of future development. New functionality not only in the area of driver assistance but also of crashworthiness as well as vehicle dynamic control in active and passive safety system. With the trend of increasingly complexity of software content and mechatronic implementation there are increasing challenges from systematic fault detection, soft and hard ware of the system. Standard has been set to give guidance to automotive industries to maintain high safety level. This standard covers the complete life cycle of a vehicle. Safety in Automobile cannot be achieved without maintenance culture. In Nigeria what we engage in is usually corrective maintenance. In this system, the engine or equipment is operated until it begins to malfunction. The faulty part or component is identified and then repaired or replaced. If not corrected, eventually the equipment breaks down at the worse possible occasion. For instance, a vehicle breaking down in the middle of a bush the owner runs helter-skelter to look for the maintenance staff in order to bring the broke down vehicle back into operation.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The occurrence rate of accident cases on Nigeria road is increasing yearly. the drain on the economy is enormous given that in most cases the casualties were the future of the nation that would contribute to the growth and development of Nigeria. Bearing in mind that accident are inevitable automobile manufacturers have fixed several safety devices to curtail the rate of accident. This paper would improve the current driver education so as to raise their level of awareness as well as for tomorrow’s drivers so as to reduce the rate of accident to the...