This essay is based on the fictitious character Bart Simpson from the series the Simpsons. Bart is the 10 year old son of Homer and Marge Simpson. He is the eldest of three children; he has two younger sisters Lisa and Maggie. Bart possesses many personality traits; however, this paper will analyse the trait of aggressiveness. This paper will firstly provide two behavioural examples that support Bart’s trait and then analyse this from Jung’s Neo-Freudian, Eysenck’s Biological, and Bandura’s Social-Cognitive theoretical perspectives. Finally, an overall analysis will be provided in regards to Bart’s trait of aggressiveness, this will be achieved by drawing on all of the information from each of the different perspectives. Eysenck proposed 32 different traits which contribute to forming the two major personality dimensions (Burger, 2004). Aggressiveness is located on the extraverted dimension which sits closer to the unstable/neurotic end of the continuum. This essay will be focusing on the aggressiveness displayed by Bart. Aggression can be described as a need to overcome opposition forcefully; to fight; to belittle; blame; accuse; to be sadistic; to revenge an injury; to attack, or kill another; and to oppose forcefully or punish another (Murry, 1938; cited in Burger, 2004; Murry, 1939; cited in Mayer, 1996). Two behavioural examples, from different episodes, will be used to show that this trait is a salient in Bart’s personality. Firstly, in the episode “Bart the General”, Bart strangles Nelson Martins friend because he stole Lisa’s cup cakes. Secondly, in the episode “There is No Disgrace Like Home”, Bart first removes the safety padding from the patented aggression therapy mallet and then hits the psychologist with the metal bar. These two examples help show the salience of the trait of aggressiveness in the personality of Bart Simpson.
Section II: Theory and Application
•Section a: Neo-Freudian
This section is based on Jung’s analytic psychology. The areas that will be outlined are the collective unconscious, primordial images, and the main focus will be on the well-adjusted person and the archetype shadow as these provide a sound basis to the analysis of Bart’s personality trait from a Neo-Freudian prospective. Jung claimed that we all have a part of our mind called the collective unconscious (Burger, 2004; Weiten, 2002). Thoughts and images are contained in the collective unconscious; these are difficult to bring into awareness (Burger, 2004; Weiten, 2002). According to Jung, unconscious psychic characteristics are inherited from our ancestors (Burger, 2004; Weiten, 2002). In addition, primordial images are contained in the collective unconscious which gives newborns an ability to react in a certain manner to an infinite amount of images that maybe encounter throughout the life (Burger, 2004). Archetypes are the term Jung ascribed to these images. Collectively they consist of both good and evil (Burger, 2004). The shadow is amongst some of these archetypes Jung described as important (Burger, 2004). The shadow is the archetype which “contains the unconscious part of the self that is essentially negative, or the dark side of the self” (burger, 2004, p.109). Consequently, if the shadow has a strong ability to express itself in the collective unconscious, the evil thought, which manifests in the form of the shadow, may be outwardly projected (Burger, 2004). According to Jung, an important part of becoming a well-adjusted person is to have the ability to integrate the good and evil parts into a self-wholeness (Burger, 2004). Jung’s theory would suggest that the prevalence of Bart’s aggressiveness is due to him not being a well-adjusted person. This is a result of Bart’s archetype the shadow not being correctly incorporated into him as a whole. Consequently, Bart continually finds himself projecting his evil thoughts on to others in the form of aggressive behaviour....