April 22, 2013
Examination of Clinical Psychology
Clinical Psychology has been a part of history from the Greek philosophers to Sigmund Freud. It is still being updated today using science to draw information from along with the philosophical aspects. With the exploration of new scientific data, there have been clinical interventions in psychology and how to treat the human condition. There are distinct differences between clinical psychology and other psychological disciplines but all forms of psychology help a person to persevere through life’s challenges while experiencing a better quality of life. Greek philosophers such as Hippocrates, Plato and Aristotle saw the connection of the mind and body and how it had an influence on illnesses. They recognized that “the spirit and soul being in charge of the body and problems that resided in the soul could result in physical illness” (Mora, 1985 as cited by Plante, 2011, p.34). During the Middle Ages many looked at mental and physical ailments as character flaws and insanity was spiritual. In the Renaissance period, scientific examination came back to the forefront negating the reasoning that the supernatural was to blame. William Wundt was a prominent figure in the world of clinical psychology. Wundt developed the first laboratory in Germany in 1879 and published William James Principles of Psychology in 1890. The American Psychological Association whose roots were still young elected a gentleman by the name of Stanley Hall shortly thereafter. In 1896, Lightner Witmer opened a clinic where he termed the name “clinical” and practiced the use of clinical psychology. Although his ideas of applying psychological principles to human illnesses was not initially well received by any of his colleague he opened his clinic anyway and if offered valuable information for the future practice of clinical psychology. Sigmund Freud was known for his research in the clinical...